Journal of American History

Round Table

History and September 11

In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, attacks on the Pentagon and the World Trade Center, the editors of the Journal of American History invited scholars with expertise on anti-Americanism, terrorism, the Middle East, fundamentalist religious movements, and foreign relations to write deliberative essays that put those events in historical perspective. They are presented in this special issue, “History and September 11.”

This special issue, “History and September 11,” is also available as a book. Tailored for classroom use with primarysource documents, an expanded introduction, and a new afterword essay, History and September 11th is available for purchase from Temple University Press. Details —>

History and September 11: An Introduction

By Joanne Meyerowitz (pp. 413–5) Read online >

In the Wake of September 11: The Clash of What?

Michael H. Hunt questions the historical analyses that undergird the “war on terrorism” sparked by the horrors of September 11. He warns against justifications for U.S. policy that rest on simple and self-congratulatory binaries—the battle of modernity and tradition or the defense of civilization against barbarism. Americans bring to the crisis a nationalism that is universalist, ahistorical, and inclined to simplify other cultures. An alternative, he suggests, is to recognize the hostility created by a half century of U.S. intervention in the Middle East and the yearning for domestic renovation that fuels Islamic politics. (pp. 416–25) Read online >

9/11, the Great Game, and the Vision Thing: The Need for (and Elements of) a More Comprehensive Bush Doctrine

The “great game” of imperial rivalry in the Middle East and Southwest Asia has fundamentally changed since September 11, 2001, Bruce R. Kuniholm contends. The zero-sum contest between great powers has been superseded by a clash of values that cuts across traditional boundaries and cultures. Relating the war on terrorism to earlier U.S. presidential doctrines concerning the region, Kuniholm calls for a broader definition of international interests and a shared, transnational vision of how to protect them. President George W. Bush should, he argues, make clear the elements of cooperation, underscore the costs of violating the new rules of the game, and address the political and economic realities that create support for terrorism in the region. (pp. 426–38) Read online >

A Cultural History of the War without End

Contrary to government proclamations, the U.S. “war on terrorism” did not begin on September 11, 2001. Instead, says Melani McAlister, we need to situate that conflict in a thirty-year-long history of American encounters with terrorism that included both policy making and popular culture. McAlister traces U.S. media and cultural responses to Israeli antiterrorist activities of the 1970s and the Iran hostage crisis of 1979–1980, placing them in the context of reactions to the U.S. defeat in Vietnam. Linking popular culture, news accounts, and public understandings of events with policy making, McAlister explores the way narratives of public and political events are created. (pp. 439–55) Read online >

Rescuing Women and Children

As the United States was launching its effort to overthrow the Taliban in Afghanistan in late 2001, the Bush administration and the U.S. media focused on the need to rescue Afghan women and children from oppression. Emily S. Rosenberg draws on recent scholarship on gender and international relations to examine the competing “social imaginaries” animating such wartime calls for rescue. One imaginary takes shape within a tradition of male-coded nationalism and claims of Western superiority. Another arises in transnational networks working in culturally diverse ways to challenge the subordination of women. Although the two imaginaries may at times blur together, they coexist uneasily and point toward different futures. (pp. 456–65) Read online >

Notes on the cia ’s Secret War in Afghanistan

The 2001 campaign against Taliban and Al-Qaeda forces constituted the second U.S. war in Afghanistan. John Prados asks what we can learn from the first: the Central Intelligence Agency’s efforts to fund and equip an Islamic fundamentalist and tribal insurgency against a Communist government and occupying Russian forces in the 1980s. Distilling the declassified record and recent research, Prados explores the geopolitical concerns, ethnic divisions, methods of clandestine operation, and alliances with local leaders that shaped the conflict. The lessons are chastening—nations lose heart, allies become enemies, and weapons are turned against those who supplied them. He asks us to recall those lessons as the United States plans to expand its counterterror campaigns. (pp. 466–71) Read online >

A Short History of Anti-Americanism and Terrorism: The Turkish Case

What causes anti-Americanism and the terrorism sometimes associated with it? How can they be minimized? Nur Bilge Criss finds the history of U.S.-Turkish relations since the 1950s instructive. The two countries have long been allies in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (nato), and Turkey has a secular, democratic government. But U.S. affronts to Turkish sovereignty led military and civilian officials as well as leftist radicals to resist American influence. As Turkish politics polarized, some opponents turned to terrorism. To manage the gift and burden of power well and to enhance U.S. and global security, Criss argues, the United States should rein in the urge to unilateralism. (pp. 472–84) Read online >

Conjuring with Islam, II

How will we remember what happened on September 11, 2001? Many historians of American foreign policy, Bruce B. Lawrence predicts, will remember it as the real end of the Cold War, marked by the onset of a new, very hot war with Arab Muslim enemies. Lawrence argues that the Arab pilots who flew into the Pentagon and the World Trade Center towers were not motivated solely by religion: they protested U.S. political and military might and the attendant global economic disparities. To address the cause of that hatred and not just its violent expression, the war on terrorism must also be a war against poverty, injustice, and dictatorship. (pp. 485–97) Read online >

History in the Fundamentalist Imagination

R. Scott Appleby compares the ways contemporary radical religious movements in Christianity, Islam, and Judaism have reconstructed the past to create distinctive world views. Such “fundamentalists” share a tortured construction of history that stresses a dispiriting record of humiliation, persecution, and exile of the true believers as a necessary prelude to God's decisive intervention and the final vanquishing of the apostates. To contextualize the historical vision of Muslim fundamentalists, Appleby explores the experience of the Islamic world in the twentieth century as it has been constructed and popularized by Sunni Muslim extremists such as Sayyid Qutb and one of his disciples, Osama bin Laden. (pp. 498–511) Read online >

Special Essay

Damming Afghanistan: Modernization in a Buffer State

President George W. Bush has pledged to “help Afghanistan develop an economy that can feed its people” so that it will never again threaten the United States. Wait, writes Nick Cullather, we did that once before. Strewn across the battlefield of Operation Enduring Freedom are the ruins of American development schemes undertaken during the 1950s and 1960s—airports, suburbs, schools, hospitals, and a massive dam project modeled on the Tennessee Valley Authority. The United States practiced nation building for thirty years in Afghanistan, but the nation was crumbling even before the Soviet tanks rolled in. Cullather probes the resilient American faith in modernization—and the concomitant blindness to failure—that the Afghan episode reveals. (pp. 512–37) Read online >

For suggestions on how to use this article in the U.S. history classroom, see our “Teaching the JAH” Web project at

“Anti-Americanism” in the Arab World: An Interpretation of a Brief History

Ussama Makdisi historicizes the rise of anti-American sentiment in the Arab world by exploring Arab-American interactions over the past two centuries. He suggests that such sentiment is grounded, not in an epochal confrontation of civilizations, but in modern politics. Thus anti-Americanism is not ideologically consistent—its intensity, coherence, and evidence vary across the Arab world. Most Arab expressions of anti-American feeling stem less from blind hatred of the United States or American values than from profound ambivalence: the United States is at once admired for its affluence and technology (and by some for its secularism, law, and order) and resented for its contribution to a repressive Middle Eastern status quo. (pp. 538–57) Read online >

Review Essay

We Are the World: Internationalizing the National, Nationalizing the International

In his review of Rethinking American History in a Global Age, a collection of essays edited by Thomas Bender, Louis A. Pérez Jr. addresses the larger implications of current attempts to internationalize U.S. history. The desire to move beyond the analytical framework of the nation in order to grasp the complexity of the American experience is salutary. But Pérez cautions against assumptions that lurk within the internationalization project—the inevitability of globalization, the historical centrality and exceptionalism of the United States. In earlier guises such assumptions gave impetus to the more parochial and self-absorbed tendencies of the historical literature. (pp. 558–66) Read online >

Oral History

  • Introduction,
    by Michael Gordon and Lu Ann Jones (pp. 567–8) Read online >
  • “The September 11, 2001, Oral History Narrative and Memory Project: A First Report,”
    by Mary Marshall Clark (pp. 569–79) Read online >
  • “The Tuskegee Airmen Oral History Project and Oral History in the National Park Service,”
    by J. Todd Moye (pp. 580–7) Read online >
  • “Oral History and the Study of Communities: Problems, Paradoxes, and Possibilities,”
    by Linda Shopes (pp. 588–98) Read online >

Book Reviews

Sept. 2002, Vol. 89 No. 2

Alphabetical by the last name of the book's first author or editor.

  • Abrams, Selling the Old-Time Religion: American Fundamentalists and Mass Culture, 1920–1940, by Margaret Bendroth
  • Allen, A Bluestocking in Charleston: The Life and Career of Laura Bragg, by Julie Des Jardins
  • Andreas, Border Games: Policing the U.S.-Mexico Divide, by Patrick Ettinger
  • Antliff, Anarchist Modernism: Art, Politics, and the First American Avant-Garde, by George H. Roeder Jr.
  • Bao, Holding up More than Half the Sky: Chinese Women Garment Workers in New York City, 1948–92, by Adam McKeown
  • Bass, Blessed Are the Peacemakers: Martin Luther King Jr., Eight White Religious Leaders, and the “Letter from Birmingham Jail", by James Findlay
  • Basso, McCall, and Garceau, eds., Across the Great Divide: Cultures of Manhood in the American West, by Virginia Scharff
  • Bates, Pullman Porters and the Rise of Protest Politics in Black America, 1925–1945, by Earl Lewis
  • Berghahn, America and the Intellectual Cold Wars in Europe: Shepard Stone between Philanthropy, Academy, and Diplomacy, by Akira Iriye
  • Blatt, Brown, and Yacovone, eds., Hope & Glory: Essays on the Legacy of the Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, by Russell Duncan
  • Bonsall, More Than They Promised: The Studebaker Story, by Bruce E. Seely
  • Bontemps, The Punished Self: Surviving Slavery in the Colonial South, by Robert E. Desrochers Jr.
  • Boritt, ed., The Lincoln Enigma: The Changing Faces of an American Icon, by Wallace Hettle
  • Bramen, The Uses of Variety: Modern Americanism and the Quest for National Distinctiveness, by Kathryn J. Oberdeck
  • Brattain, The Politics of Whiteness: Race, Workers, and Culture in the Modern South, by Steven A. Reich
  • Bressler, The Universalist Movement in America, 1770–1880, by Bruce Kuklick
  • Briggs, Immigration and American Unionism, by Catherine Collomp
  • Buell, Writing for an Endangered World: Literature, Culture, and Environment in the U.S. and Beyond, by Richard Grusin
  • Buenger, The Path to a Modern South: Northeast Texas between Reconstruction and the Great Depression, by Jeanette Keith
  • Buff, Immigration and the Political Economy of Home: West Indian Brooklyn and American Indian Minneapolis, 1945–1992, by Milton Vickerman
  • Buhle and Wagner, A Very Dangerous Citizen: Abraham Lincoln Polonsky and the Hollywood Left, by Sam B. Girgus
  • Burnett and Marshall, eds., Foreign in a Domestic Sense: Puerto Rico, American Expansion, and the Constitution, by Samuel Shapiro
  • Butsch, The Making of American Audiences: From Stage to Television, 1750–1990, by George Potamianos
  • Campbell, Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies, by John J. Pauly
  • Carroll, Homesteads Ungovernable: Families, Sex, Race, and the Law in Frontier Texas, 1823–1860, by Elizabeth Hayes Turner
  • Castel, Tom Taylor’s Civil War, by Lesley J. Gordon
  • Cecelski, The Waterman’s Song: Slavery and Freedom in Maritime North Carolina, by Mark M. Smith
  • Chamberlain, Under Sacred Ground: A History of Navajo Oil, 1922–1982, by Howard Meredith
  • Chisholm, Waiting for Dead Men’s Shoes: Origins and Development of the U.S. Navy’s Officer Personnel System, 1793–1941, by John H. Schroeder
  • Christensen, Sagwitch: Shoshone Chieftain, Mormon Elder, 1822–1887, by Gregory E. Smoak
  • Cohen and Taylor, American Pharaoh: Mayor Richard J. Daley: His Battle for Chicago and the Nation, by Jon C. Teaford
  • Colburn and Adler, eds., African-American Mayors: Race, Politics, and the American City, by Michael W. Homel
  • Cole, A Fragile Capital: Identity and the Early Years of Columbus, Ohio, by Kay J. Carr
  • Collomp, Entre classe et nation: Mouvement ouvrier et immigration aux états-Unis, 1880–1920 (Between class and nation: The labor movement and immigration in the United States, 1880–1920), by Dirk Hoerder
  • Corbett, The Making of American Resorts: Saratoga Springs, Ballston Spa, and Lake George, by Dona Brown
  • Coryell, Appleton, Sims, and Treadway, eds., Negotiating Boundaries of Southern Womanhood: Dealing with the Powers That Be, by Christie Anne Farnham [Pope]
  • Cowden, “Heaven Will Frown on Such a Cause as This”: Six Democrats Who Opposed Lincoln’s War, by Thomas F. Curran
  • Crowe, Prophets of Rage: The Black Freedom Struggle in San Francisco, 1945–1969, by Kenneth W. Goings
  • Crowley, The Invention of Comfort: Sensibilities & Design in Early Modern Britain & Early America, by Robert Blair St. George
  • Curtis, The Politics of Population: State Formation, Statistics, and the Census of Canada, 1840–1875, by Colin Read
  • Daniel, Culture of Misfortune: An Interpretive History of Textile Unionism in the United States, by Janet Irons
  • Davies, Healing Ways: Navajo Health Care in the Twentieth Century, by George Pierre Castile
  • de Graaf, Mulroy, and Taylor, eds., Seeking El Dorado: African Americans in California, by Lynn M. Hudson
  • De Luca, Fuochi sul Canale: La Crisi di Suez, gli Stati Uniti e la ricerca di una nuova politica in Medio Oriente, 1955-1958 (Fires over the canal: The Suez crisis, the United States, and the search for a new policy in the Middle East, 1955-1958), by Elena Calandri
  • Dennis, Lessons in Progress: State Universities and Progressivism in the New South, 1880–1920, by Wayne J. Urban
  • Diner, Shandler, and Wenger, eds., Remembering the Lower East Side: American Jewish Reflections, by Hadassa Kosak
  • Dirck, Lincoln & Davis: Imagining America, 1809–1865, by David Herbert Donald
  • Dowie, American Foundations: An Investigative History, by John C. Schneider
  • Doyle, Faulkner’s County: The Historical Roots of Yoknapatawpha, by Daniel J. Singal
  • Easingwood, Groß, and Lutz, eds., Informal Empire?: Cultural Relations between Canada, the United States, and Europe, by Frances W. Kaye
  • Edgerton and Rollins, eds., Television Histories: Shaping Collective Memory in the Media Age, by Mary Desjardins
  • Fischer, Pantaloons & Power: A Nineteenth-Century Dress Reform in the United States, by Nancy Page Fernandez
  • Frank, From Settler to Citizen: New Mexican Economic Development and the Creation of Vecino Society, 1750–1820, by John Nieto-Phillips
  • Freeman, Affairs of Honor: National Politics in the New Republic, by Robert E. Shalhope
  • Gienow-Hecht, Transmission Impossible: American Journalism as Cultural Diplomacy in Postwar Germany, 1945-1955, by Robert E. Herzstein
  • Giovacchini, Hollywood Modernism: Film and Politics in the Age of the New Deal, by Jon Lewis
  • Glassberg, Sense of History: The Place of the Past in American Life, by Paula Hamilton
  • Glendon, A World Made New: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, by Duane Tananbaum
  • Gorn, Mother Jones: The Most Dangerous Woman in America, by Sharon Hartman Strom
  • Grace, Carry A. Nation: Retelling the Life, by Robert Booth Fowler
  • Green, Race on the Line: Gender, Labor, and Technology in the Bell System, 1880–1980, by Ileen A. DeVault
  • Greenspan, George Palmer Putnam: Representative American Publisher, by Ronald J. Zboray
  • Haberski, It’s Only a Movie!: Films and Critics in American Culture, by Michael E. Birdwell
  • Hackemer, The U.S. Navy and the Origins of the Military-Industrial Complex, 1847–1883, by James R. Reckner
  • Hadden, Slave Patrols: Law and Violence in Virginia and the Carolinas, by Ira Berlin
  • Hagan, Northern Passage: American Vietnam War Resisters in Canada, by Patrick Hagopian
  • Helbling, The Harlem Renaissance: The One and the Many, by Tony Martin
  • Herman, Hunting and the American Imagination, by Louis Warren
  • Hewitt, Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman Farms: The Quest for an Arts and Crafts Utopia, by Richard Guy Wilson
  • Higham, Noble, Wretched, & Redeemable: Protestant Missionaries to the Indians in Canada and the United States, 1820–1900, by Joel W. Martin
  • Houck, Rhetoric as Currency: Hoover, Roosevelt, and the Great Depression, by Craig Allen
  • Huhndorf, Going Native: Indians in the American Cultural Imagination, by Rachel Buff
  • Hunter, Purchasing Identity in the Atlantic World: Massachusetts Merchants, 1670–1780, by Gloria L. Main
  • Jackson, The Economic Cold War: America, Britain, and East-West Trade, 1948–63, by Thomas W. Zeiler
  • Jacobs, Eisenhower at Columbia, by Kenneth A. Osgood
  • Jacobson, Barbarian Virtues: The United States Encounters Foreign Peoples at Home and Abroad, 1876–1917, by Edward P. Crapol
  • Jansson, The Sixteen-Trillion-Dollar Mistake: How the U.S. Bungled Its National Priorities from the New Deal to the Present, by Mark H. Leff
  • Johnston, Control and Order in French Colonial Louisbourg, 1713–1758, by Luca Codignola
  • Kasson, Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and the Challenge of Modernity in America, by Susan Curtis
  • Kates, Planning a Wilderness: Regenerating the Great Lakes Cutover Region, by Theodore J. Karamanski
  • Kersh, Dreams of a More Perfect Union, by R. B. Bernstein
  • Kessler-Harris, In Pursuit of Equity: Women, Men, and the Quest for Economic Citizenship in 20th-Century America, by Wendy Gamber
  • Kroes, Them and Us: Questions of Citizenship in a Globalizing World, by Dorothee Schneider
  • Laughlin, Women’s Work and Public Policy: A History of the Women’s Bureau, U.S. Department of Labor, 1945–1970, by Lisa M. Fine
  • Lause, The Civil War’s Last Campaign: James B. Weaver, the Greenback-Labor Party, & the Politics of Race & Section, by Gerald Friedman
  • Lieberson, A Matter of Taste: How Names, Fashions, and Culture Change, by Joseph M. Hawes
  • Lookingbill, Dust Bowl, usa: Depression America and the Ecological Imagination, 1929–1941, by Mark Harvey
  • Luconi, From Paesani to White Ethnics: The Italian Experience in Philadephia, by Nancy C. Carnevale
  • Maguire, Law and War: An American Story, by Peter Black
  • Main, Peoples of a Spacious Land: Families and Cultures in Colonial New England, by Michael Zuckerman
  • Margolian, Unauthorized Entry: The Truth about Nazi War Criminals in Canada, 1946–1956, by Peter Black
  • McCusker and Morgan, eds., The Early Modern Atlantic Economy, by Marc Egnal
  • McDonald, States’ Rights and the Union: Imperium in Imperio, 1776–1876, by R. B. Bernstein
  • McDonough, Christopher Gadsden and Henry Laurens: The Parallel Lives of Two American Patriots, by Keith Krawczynski
  • McGrath, The French in Early Florida: In the Eye of the Hurricane, by Robert L. Gold
  • McNay, Acheson and Empire: The British Accent in American Foreign Policy, by John L. Harper
  • Mohr and Gordon, Tulane: The Emergence of a Modern University, 1945–1980, by William J. Billingsley
  • Moskowitz, In Therapy We Trust: America’s Obsession with Self-Fulfillment, by Kathleen W. Jones
  • Murphy, The Rebuke of History: The Southern Agrarians and American Conservative Thought, by Michael Kreyling
  • Nagler, Nationale Minoritäten im Krieg: “Feindliche Ausländer” und die amerikanische Heimatfront während des Ersten Weltkriegs (National minorities in war: “Enemy foreigners” and the American home front during the First World War), by Elliott Shore
  • Nelson, Education and Democracy: The Meaning of Alexander Meiklejohn, 1872–1964, by Mary Ann Dzuback
  • Oliphant, Peace and War on the Anglo-Cherokee Frontier, 1756–63, by Clyde R. Ferguson
  • øverland, Immigrant Minds, American Identities: Making the United States Home, 1870–1930, by Alan M. Kraut
  • Palermo, In His Own Right: The Political Odyssey of Senator Robert F. Kennedy, by Paul R. Henggeler
  • Pasley, “The Tyranny of Printers”: Newspaper Politics in the Early American Republic, by Susan Branson
  • Pettegrew, ed., A Pragmatist’s Progress?: Richard Rorty and American Intellectual History, by George Cotkin
  • Pickett, Eisenhower Decides to Run: Presidential Politics and Cold War Strategy, by Kenneth A. Osgood
  • Plank, An Unsettled Conquest: The British Campaign against the Peoples of Acadia, by Denys Delâge
  • Prokopowicz, All for the Regiment: The Army of the Ohio, 1861–1862, by Lesley J. Gordon
  • Ramirez, with Otis, Crossing the 49th Parallel: Migration from Canada to the United States, 1900–1930, by John H. M. Laslett
  • Reid-Maroney, Philadelphia’s Enlightenment, 1740–1800: Kingdom of Christ, Empire of Reason, by Cedric B. Cowing
  • Renda, Taking Haiti: Military Occupation and the Culture of U.S. Imperialism, 1915–1940, by Brenda Gayle Plummer
  • Reuther, Die ambivalente Normalisierung: Deutschlanddiskurs und Deutschlandbilder in den usa, 1941–1955 (The ambivalent normalization: Discourse on Germany and images of Germany in the usa, 1941–1955), by Peter F. Coogan
  • Rivers and Brown, Laborers in the Vineyard of the Lord: The Beginnings of the ame Church in Florida, 1865–1895, by Eddie S. Glaude Jr.
  • Robbins and Foster, eds., Land in the American West: Private Claims and the Common Good, by R. McGreggor Cawley
  • Rodrigue, Reconstruction in the Cane Fields: From Slavery to Free Labor in Louisiana’s Sugar Parishes, 1862–1880, by Julie Saville
  • Rome, The Bulldozer in the Countryside: Suburban Sprawl and the Rise of American Environmentalism, by Jared P. Orsi
  • Rose, Firms, Networks, and Business Values: The British and American Cotton Industries since 1750, by Peter A. Coclanis
  • Rose, One Nation Underground: The Fallout Shelter in American Culture, by Richard M. Fried
  • Rose, Duquesne and the Rise of Steel Unionism, by James R. Zetka Jr.
  • Rosier, Rebirth of the Blackfeet Nation, 1912–1954, by Howard L. Harrod
  • Ross, Outside the Lines: African Americans and the Integration of the National Football League, by Donald Spivey
  • Ruotsila, British and American Anticommunism before the Cold War, by Michael Jabara Carley
  • Saul, War and Revolution: The United States and Russia, 1914–1921, by David W. McFadden
  • Saum, Eugene Field and His Age, by Sally F. Griffith
  • Schechter, Ida B. Wells-Barnett and American Reform, 1880–1930, by Eileen Boris
  • Schmidt, Red Scare: fbi and the Origins of Anticommunism in the United States, 1919–1943, by Kenneth O’Reilly
  • Schroeder, Matthew Calbraith Perry: Antebellum Sailor and Diplomat, by Harold D. Langley
  • Schwarz, Migrants against Slavery: Virginians and the Nation, by Charles B. Dew
  • Sehlinger and Hamilton, Spokesman for Democracy: Claude G. Bowers, 1878–1958, by Thomas R. Pegram
  • Singleton, The American Dole: Unemployment Relief and the Welfare State in the Great Depression, by Patrick D. Reagan
  • Sitton and Deverell, eds., Metropolis in the Making: Los Angeles in the 1920s, by Albert S. Broussard
  • Sizer, The Political Work of Northern Women Writers and the Civil War, 1850–1872, by Lori Merish
  • Sobel, Teach Me Dreams: The Search for Self in the Revolutionary Era, by Konstantin Dierks
  • Soden, The Reverend Mark Matthews: An Activist in the Progressive Era, by Jacob H. Dorn
  • St. George, ed., Possible Pasts: Becoming Colonial in Early America, by Troy O. Bickham
  • St. Germain, Indian Treaty-Making Policy in the United States and Canada, 1867–1877, by John R. Wunder
  • Steinfeld, Coercion, Contract, and Free Labor in the Nineteenth Century, by Robert Justin Goldstein
  • Steinle, In Cold Fear: The Catcher in the Rye Censorship Controversies and Postwar American Character, by John Arthur Maynard
  • Steward, Frontier Swashbuckler: The Life and Legend of John Smith T, by Michael Cassity
  • Stokes, The Color of Sex: Whiteness, Heterosexuality, and the Fictions of White Supremacy, by Jennifer DeVere Brody
  • Testi, Trionfo e declino dei partiti politici negli Stati Uniti, 1860–1930 (Triumph and decline of political parties in the United States, 1860–1930), by Maureen A. Flanagan
  • Tomlins and Mann, eds., The Many Legalities of Early America, by Karin A. Wulf
  • Tone, Devices and Desires: A History of Contraceptives in America, by Helen Lefkowitz Horowitz
  • Tunnell, Edge of the Sword: The Ordeal of Carpetbagger Marshall H. Twitchell in the Civil War and Reconstruction, by Michael A. Ross
  • Valle and Torres, Latino Metropolis, by Richard Griswold del Castillo
  • Walker, Shaping Our Mothers’ World: American Women’s Magazines, by Jessica Weiss
  • Wall, France, the United States, and the Algerian War, by Thomas Borstelmann
  • Wardhaugh, Mackenzie King and the Prairie West, by James M. Pitsula
  • Warren, Big Steel: The First Century of the United States Steel Corporation, 1901–2001, by Paul A. Tiffany
  • Weddle, Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century, by Daniel B. Thorp
  • Weigand, Red Feminism: American Communism and the Making of Women’s Liberation, by Kathleen Kennedy
  • Weise, Grasping at Independence: Debt, Male Authority, and Mineral Rights in Appalachian Kentucky, 1850–1915, by Paul Salstrom
  • Wells, Out of the Dead House: Nineteenth-Century Women Physicians and the Writing of Medicine, by Deborah Kuhn McGregor
  • Wells, Wild Man: The Life and Times of Daniel Ellsberg, by Richard Gid Powers
  • Williams, Playing the Race Card: Melodramas of Black and White from Uncle Tom to O. J. Simpson, by Margaret Allison Graham

Web site Reviews

Web site reviews are available without a subscription.

  • Common-Place, by Stephen Railton (p. 735) Read online >
  • Making of America, by Tobias Higbie (p. 736) Read online >
  • California as I Saw It: First-Person Narratives of California’s Early Years, 1849–1900, by William E. Brown Jr. (p. 737) Read online >
  • Digital Schomburg Images of African Americans from the Nineteenth Century, by Leslie Harris (p. 738) Read online >
  • Free Speech Movement Archives; and Free Speech Movement Digital Archive, by Jim O’Brien (pp. 738–9) Read online >
  • The American President, by Donald A. Ritchie (p. 740) Read online >

Editor’s Annual Report, 2001–2002

Letters to the Editor


Recent Scholarship

“Recent Scholarship” is available online, Read online >

thumbnail of cover

On the cover:

After the September 11, 2001, attack on the World Trade Center in New York City, a group prays at the wall outside the Family Assistance Center at the Lexington Avenue armory, where families and colleagues had posted images of those they feared lost. In 1979–1980, the unprecedented takeover of a U.S. embassy and the suffering of American hostages in Iran made them national symbols. Similarly, in 2001, the victims of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were immediately memorialized, even as loved ones held out hopes for their safety. Photograph by Bronston Jones. Courtesy Bronston Jones. See Melani McAlister, “A Cultural History of the War without End,” p. 439.

Recent Issues

Icon Downarrow Full Text

The full text of the Journal of American History (1914–current) is available online to members of the OAH and to institutions that subscribe to the print versions of the journal. Electronic access is provided by Oxford University Press.

Icon Downarrow Subscribe to the JAH

A subscription to the JAH is one of the many benefits available to members of the Organization of American Historians (oah). To join the oah and receive the JAH, complete and submit a membership application at the oah Web site.

Icon Downarrow Purchase a Single Issue

Selected current and back issues of the JAH are available both as single issues and for large quantities, at volume pricing. For more information, please visit Oxford University Press