Journal of American History

Articles

“Restless in the Midst of Their Prosperity”: New Evidence on the Internal Migration of Americans, 1850–2000

Since Frederick Jackson Turner published his famous essay on the significance of the frontier, internal migration has been a contentious issue for American historians. Patricia Kelly Hall and Steven Ruggles use evidence from the census, made accessible by the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (ipums), to reevaluate the history of American migration. On several key empirical points, Turner got it right. The highest mobility occurred in the first half of the nineteenth century; the high levels of nineteenth-century migration resulted from long-distance westward migration to farms; and the closing of the frontier precipitated a decline in westward migration. Assessing the social implications of migration in U.S. history, Hall and Ruggles trace the differences between black and white migration patterns and explore evidence that suggests that migration may have improved economic opportunity. (pp. 829–46) Read online >

Baptism by Fire: Race, Military Service, and U.S. Citizenship Policy, 1918–1935

As this 1917 poster with Chinese text reveals, the territory of Hawai‘i actively recruited Asian American men, aliens as well as citizens, to register for the draft during World War I.
Courtesy Library of Congress.

Shedding light on the intersections of militarism, race, and citizenship in the interwar period, Lucy E. Salyer tells the story of Asian men who fought in the U.S. armed forces during World War I. Like African American soldiers, the Asians used their patriotic service to assert their right to membership in the American polity in a period when loyalty vied with race as the quintessential criterion for inclusion. To become naturalized citizens on the basis of military service, they had to overcome racial bars written into naturalization laws. Asian veterans secured legislation allowing their naturalization in 1935—but only after forging an alliance with the American Legion, a champion of both martial patriotism and nativism. (pp. 847–76) Read online >

Insecure Equality: Louis Marshall, Henry Ford, and the Problem of Defamatory Antisemitism, 1920–1929

Looking the picture of prosperity, Aaron Sapiro, who was suing Henry Ford for libel, and his wife, Janet, descend the steps of the federal courthouse in Detroit in March 1927. The litigation nearly bankrupted the Sapiros.
Courtesy Collections of the Henry Ford.

Victoria Saker Woeste examines a familiar episode in the life of Henry Ford—the 1927 libel suit against him and his antisemitic newspaper, the Dearborn Independent—as a formative event in the history of hate speech. Uncovering the roles played by lawyers and activists seeking to control the outcome of the litigation, she relates the case to the politics of antisemitism after World War I. Ford’s manipulation of the legal process and conflicts among Jewish activists over strategy produced an out-of-court resolution of the case. But newly discovered correspondence and long-overlooked materials from the Ford collections reveal that the case might have led to more—to a conclusive determination of the validity of group rights. (pp. 877–905) Read online >

“It Was like All of Us Had Been Raped”: Sexual Violence, Community Mobilization, and the African American Freedom Struggle

In the essay that won the 2004 Louis Pelzer Award, Danielle L. McGuire provides a haunting account of the brutal rape of an African American college student by four white men in Tallahassee, Florida, in 1959. McGuire revises the history of twentieth-century racial violence by arguing that the rape of black women, like the lynching of black men, served as a tool of white supremacy. McGuire argues that black women counterbalanced a “culture of dissemblance,” in which they refrained from commenting on sexual matters, with a “tradition of testimony,” in which they spoke out publicly against sexual violence. The Tallahassee case and others throughout the South demonstrate how protests against the rape of black women helped galvanize the civil rights movement. (pp. 906–31) Read online >

“Do Whites Have Rights?”: White Detroit Policemen and “Reverse Discrimination” Protests in the 1970s

City councilmen David Eberhard (left) and Jack Kelley participate in the Detroit Police Officers Association protest against a court ruling that upheld affirmative action hiring outside the federal courthouse in downtown Detroit on May 9, 1975.
Courtesy Wayne State University.

Protests by working-class white men in the 1970s, Dennis A. Deslippe argues, shaped and limited affirmative action. He describes white Detroit policemen’s fierce, sometimes violent, opposition to the city’s affirmative action plan and its effect on the law, politics, and the workplace. Harnessing “rights talk” to their own ends, white policemen in the post-civil rights era made far-reaching claims about equality, justice, and citizenship. In Detroit, such opponents of affirmative action formed cross-racial and cross-gender alliances with liberal unionists sympathetic to some aspects of affirmative action. When affirmative action plans moved beyond hiring and promotion to threaten seniority systems that protected longtime public employees from firing, courts across the country ruled in favor of the opponents. (pp. 932–960) Read online >

Exhibition Reviews

National Constitution Center
  • “One Nation under God: The Church, the State, and the Louisiana Purchase,” by Gaines M. Foster (pp. 961–62) Read online >
  • “Liberty Bell Center, by Allen F. Davis (pp. 963–65) Read online >
  • National Constitution Center, by Michael Zuckerman (pp. 966–70) Read online >
  • “Looking for Liberty: An Overview of Maryland History,” by Paul A. Shackel (pp. 971–72) Read online >
  • “Wallace Nutting and the Invention of Old America,” by Briann G. Greenfield (pp. 973–75) Read online >
  • “Will We Ever Forget: Baseball in Philadelphia, 1876–2004,” by Bruce Kuklick (pp. 976–77) Read online >
  • “Women in Sports: Breaking Barriers,” by Linda J. Borish (pp. 978–80) Read online >

Book Reviews

Dec. 2004, Vol. 91 No. 3

Alphabetical by the last name of the book's first author or editor.

A
  • Adams, Gouverneur Morris: An Independent Life, by Willard Sterne Randall
  • Allerfeldt, Race, Radicalism, Religion, and Restriction: Immigration in the Pacific Northwest, 1890–1924, by Elliott R. Barkan
  • Appleton and Boswell, eds., Searching for Their Places: Women in the South across Four Centuries, by Nancy Bercaw
B
  • Banner, Intertwined Lives: Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, and Their Circle, by Julia Liss
  • Becker and McClenahan, The Market, the State, and the Export-Import Bank of the United States, 1934–2000, by Frederick C. Adams
  • Bezís-Selfa, Forging America: Ironworkers, Adventurers, and the Industrious Revolution, by Robert Gordon
  • Bivins, The Fracture of Good Order: Christian Antiliberalism and the Challenge to American Politics, by David Stricklin
  • Black and Black, The Rise of Southern Republicans, by Mary C. Brennan
  • Black, Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Champion of Freedom, by Patrick J. Maney
  • Bonds, Bipartisan Strategy: Selling the Marshall Plan, by Michael Wala
  • Boylan, Pulitzer’s School: Columbia University’s School of Journalism, 1903–2003, by Barbara Cloud
  • Brantlinger, Dark Vanishings: Discourse on the Extinction of Primitive Races, 1800–1930, by Bruce Dain
  • Brecher, Securing American Independence: John Jay and the French Alliance, by William Stinchcombe
  • Breisach, On the Future of History: The Postmodernist Challenge and Its Aftermath, by Bryan D. Palmer
  • Brogi, A Question of Self-Esteem: The United States and the Cold War Choices in France and Italy, 1944–1958, by Edward Rice-Maximin
  • Brooks, American Lazarus: Religion and the Rise of African-American and Native American Literatures, by Timothy B. Powell
  • Brown, Carnoy, Currie, Duster, Oppenheimer, Shultz, and Wellman, Whitewashing Race: The Myth of a Color-Blind Society, by John D. Skrentny
  • Brown, Who Owns Native Culture?, by Paul C. Rosier
  • Brownlee and Graham, eds., The Reagan Presidency: Pragmatic Conservatism and Its Legacies, by Mark J. Rozell
  • Brumberg, Kansas Charley: The Story of a Nineteenth-Century Boy Murderer, by Jeffrey S. Adler
  • Buggeln, Temples of Grace: The Material Transformation of Connecticut’s Churches, 1790–1840, by Catherine A. Brekus
  • Buhle and Wagner, Hide in Plain Sight: The Hollywood Blacklistees in Film and Television, 1950–2002, by Sam B. Girgus
  • Butts, Galvanized Yankees on the Upper Missouri: The Face of Loyalty, by Stephen D. Engle
  • Byrne, O God of Players: The Story of the Immaculata Mighty Macs, by Pamela Grundy
C
  • Campbell, When Sherman Marched North from the Sea: Resistance on the Confederate Home Front, by Joseph T. Glatthaar
  • Cavender, Folk Medicine in Southern Appalachia, by Sandra Lee Barney
  • Chubarian, ed., Russkoe otkrytie Ameriki: Sbornik statei, posviashchennyi 70-letiiu akademika Nikolaia Nikolaevicha Bolkhovitinova (The Russian discovery of America: Collected articles, devoted to the seventieth birthday of the academician Nikolai Nikolaevich Bolkhovitinov), by David S. Foglesong
  • Clements, After the Boom in Tombstone and Jerome, Arizona: Decline in Western Resource Towns, by Douglas E. Kupel
  • Collier, All Politics Is Local: Family, Friends, and Provincial Interests in the Creation of the Constitution, by Carol Sue Humphrey
  • Cox, Body and Soul: A Sympathetic History of American Spiritualism, by Bret E. Carroll
  • Cox, Dixie’s Daughters: The United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Preservation of Confederate Culture, by David W. Blight
  • Cudahy, A Century of Subways: Celebrating 100 Years of New York’s Underground Railways, by Clifton Hood
  • Cusick, The Other War of 1812: The Patriot War and the American Invasion of Spanish East Florida, by Andrew McMichael
D
  • Daum, Gardner, and Mausbach, eds., America, the Vietnam War, and the World: Comparative and International Perspectives, by Thomas Alan Schwartz
  • Davis, Lone Star Rising: The Revolutionary Birth of the Texas Republic, by Jean A. Stuntz
  • de la Cova, Cuban Confederate Colonel: The Life of Ambrosio José Gonzales, by Sherry Johnson
  • Dehne, Deutsche Einwanderer im ländlichen Süd-Indiana (usa): Eine historisch-geographische Analyse (German immigration in rural southern Indiana [usa]: A historical-geographical analysis), by Steven D. Reschly
  • DePastino, Citizen Hobo: How a Century of Homelessness Shaped America, by Alan Bloom
  • Des Jardins, Women and the Historical Enterprise in America: Gender, Race, and the Politics of Memory, 1880–1945, by Eileen Ka-May Cheng
  • Donald, “We Are Lincoln Men”: Abraham Lincoln and His Friends, by Allen C. Guelzo
  • Dudziak, ed., September 11 in History: A Watershed Moment?, by Melani McAlister
E
  • Eder, Constructing Opportunity: American Women Educators in Early Meiji Japan, by Sally A. Hastings
  • Evensen, God’s Man for the Gilded Age: D. L. Moody and the Rise of Modern Mass Evangelism, by Gary Scott Smith
F
  • Fairchild, Science at the Borders: Immigrant Medical Inspection and the Shaping of the Modern Industrial Labor Force, by Georgina Feldberg
  • Fannin, Labor’s Promised Land: Radical Visions of Gender, Race, and Religion in the South, by Michelle Brattain
  • Fiedler, The Enemy among Us: pows in Missouri during World War II, by Ron Robin
  • Fitzmaurice, Humanism and America: An Intellectual History of English Colonisation, 1500–1625, by Robert M. Bliss
  • Freeman, At Berkeley in the Sixties: The Education of an Activist, 1961–1965, by W. J. Rorabaugh
G
  • Gerhardt, Talcott Parsons: An Intellectual Biography, by Howard Brick
  • Gilpin and Gasman, Charles S. Johnson: Leadership beyond the Veil in the Age of Jim Crow, by John S. Wright
  • Glickstein, American Exceptionalism, American Anxiety: Wages, Competition, and Degraded Labor in the Antebellum United States, by David Montgomery
  • Golay, The Tide of Empire: America’s March to the Pacific, by Joseph A. Stout Jr.
  • Gonzalez and Fernandez, A Century of Chicano History: Empire, Nations, and Migration, by Arnoldo De León
  • Goodheart, Mad Yankees: The Hartford Retreat for the Insane and Nineteenth-Century Psychiatry, by Ellen Dwyer
  • Green, This Business of Relief: Confronting Poverty in a Southern City, 1740–1940, by Carole Haber
  • Greenberg, Nixon’s Shadow: The History of an Image, by Allen J. Matusow
  • Gudmestad, A Troublesome Commerce: The Transformation of the Interstate Slave Trade, by David L. Lightner
H
  • Haefeli and Sweeney, Captors and Captives: The 1704 French and Indian Raid on Deerfield, by Daniel R. Mandell
  • Hahn, A Nation under Our Feet: Black Political Struggles in the Rural South from Slavery to the Great Migration, by Thomas C. Holt
  • Hallock, From the Fallen Tree: Frontier Narratives, Environmental Politics, and the Roots of a National Pastoral, 1749–1826, by Lawrence Buell
  • Hamm, The Quakers in America, by H. Larry Ingle
  • Hamm, Murder, Honor, and Law: 4 Virginia Homicides from Reconstruction to the Great Depression, by Peter Wallenstein
  • Hansen, The Lost Promise of Patriotism: Debating American Identity, 1890–1920, by Andrew Feffer
  • Harp, Brahmin Prophet: Phillips Brooks and the Path of Liberal Protestantism, by William R. Hutchison
  • Hatheway, The Gilded Age Construction of Modern American Homophobia, by Vicki L. Eaklor
  • Haynes and Klehr, In Denial: Historians, Communism, & Espionage, by Joseph M. Siracusa
  • Hepp, The Middle-Class City: Transforming Space and Time in Philadelphia, 1876–1926, by Daniel Horowitz
  • Higgens-Evenson, The Price of Progress: Public Services, Taxation, and the American Corporate State, 1877 to 1929, by Jason Scott Smith
  • Hirsch, Portrait of America: A Cultural History of the Federal Writers’ Project, by Christine Bold
  • Hoffer, Sensory Worlds in Early America, by Simon P. Newman
  • Horowitz, America’s Political Class under Fire: The Twentieth Century’s Great Culture War, by Eric Alterman
  • Huston, Calculating the Value of the Union: Slavery, Property Rights, and the Economic Origins of the Civil War, by James W. Ely Jr.
I
  • Ivanov, Stalin i soiuzniki, 1941–1945 ss. (Stalin and allies, 1941–1945), by Steven I. Levine
J
  • Jensen, Patriots, Settlers, and the Origins of American Social Policy, by Seth Rockman
  • Judd and Beach, Natural States: The Environmental Imagination in Maine, Oregon, and the Nation, by Joseph E. Taylor III
K
  • Kachun, Festivals of Freedom: Memory and Meaning in African American Emancipation Celebrations, 1808–1915, by Elizabeth Regosin
  • Kelly, Race, Class, and Power in the Alabama Coalfields, 1908–21, by Glenn Feldman
  • Kimball, Sports in Zion: Mormon Recreation, 1890–1940, by Gordon Shepherd
  • Kirk, Comrades and Cousins: Globalization, Workers, and Labour Movements in Britain, the usa, and Australia from the 1880s to 1914, by John H. M. Laslett
  • Klein, For All These Rights: Business, Labor, and the Shaping of America’s Public-Private Welfare State, by David T. Beito
  • Klose, Dogmen demokratischen Geschichtsdenkens: Monumentalische Nationalgeschichtsschreibung in den usa (Dogmas of democratic historical thought: The writing of monumental national history in the usa), by David E. Barclay
  • Kyriakoudes, The Social Origins of the Urban South: Race, Gender, and Migration in Nashville and Middle Tennessee, 1890–1930, by David Goldfield
L
  • Labbé and Lurie, The Slaughterhouse Cases: Regulation, Reconstruction, and the Fourteenth Amendment, by Bryan H. Wildenthal
  • Langley, The Americas in the Modern Age, by Thomas M. Leonard
  • Langston, Where Land & Water Meet: A Western Landscape Transformed, by Thomas R. Cox
  • Leverenz, Paternalism Incorporated: Fables of American Fatherhood, 1865–1940, by K. A. Cuordileone
  • Levy, Civil War on Race Street: The Civil Rights Movement in Cambridge, Maryland, by Martha Biondi
  • Limbaugh and Fuller, Calaveras Gold: The Impact of Mining on a Mother Lode County, by Brian Roberts
  • Lindsay-Poland, Emperors in the Jungle: The Hidden History of the U.S. in Panama, by Julie Greene
  • Lingelbach, Klio macht Karriere: Die Institutionalisierung der Geschichtswissenschaft in Frankreich und den usa in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts (Clio makes careers: The institutionalization of the study of history in France and the usa in the second half of the 19th century), by Geoff Eley
  • Loveland and Wheeler, From Meetinghouse to Megachurch: A Material and Cultural History, by D. G. Hart
  • Lovell, Legislative Deferrals: Statutory Ambiguity, Judicial Power, and American Democracy, by William E. Forbath
  • Lubin, Shooting Kennedy: jfk and the Culture of Images, by Barbie Zelizer
M
  • Matthewson, A Proslavery Foreign Policy: Haitian-American Relations during the Early Republic, by Alfred N. Hunt
  • McCarthy, American Creed: Philanthropy and the Rise of Civil Society, 1700–1865, by Lawrence J. Friedman
  • McDaniel, Shrinking Violets and Caspar Milquetoasts: Shyness, Power, and Intimacy in the United States, 1950–1995, by David R. Shumway
  • McGerr, A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of the Progressive Movement in America, 1870–1920, by William A. Link
  • McKanna, The Trial of “Indian Joe”: Race and Justice in the Nineteenth-Century West, by Jeffrey S. Adler
  • Meyer, The Roots of American Industrialization, by Thomas J. Misa
  • Mitchell, The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space, by Robert O. Self
  • Moore and Vaudagna, eds., The American Century in Europe, by Klaus Larres
  • Morgan, Reds: McCarthyism in Twentieth-Century America, by Ellen Schrecker
  • Morse, The Nature of Gold: An Environmental History of the Klondike Gold Rush, by David A. Wolff
  • Mulrooney, Black Powder, White Lace: The du Pont Irish and Cultural Identity in Nineteenth-Century America, by David T. Brundage
P
  • Pagán, Murder at the Sleepy Lagoon: Zoot Suits, Race, and Riot in Wartime L.A, by Ian F. Haney López
  • Parent, Foul Means: The Formation of a Slave Society in Virginia, 1660–1740, by Philip D. Morgan
  • Parsons, Manhood Lost: Fallen Drunkards and Redeeming Women in the Nineteenth-Century United States, by Jack S. Blocker Jr.
  • Patel, “Soldaten der Arbeit”: Arbeitsdienste in Deutschland und den usa, 1933–1945 (“Soldiers of work”: Work programs in Germany and the usa, 1933–1945), by W. M. Dick
  • Payne and Green, eds., Time Longer Than Rope: A Century of African American Activism, 1850–1950, by Joyce A. Hanson
  • Peterson, The Birth of City Planning in the United States, 1840–1917, by Eric Sandweiss
  • Pfannestiel, Rethinking the Red Scare: The Lusk Committee and New York’s Crusade against Radicalism, 1919–1923, by Francesca Morgan
  • Phillips and Gartner, Murdering Holiness: The Trials of Franz Creffield and George Mitchell, by Vivien Miller
R
  • Redding, Making Race, Making Power: North Carolina’s Road to Disfranchisement, by Jeffrey J. Crow
  • Richmond, Cultural Exchange & the Cold War: Raising the Iron Curtain, by Keith L. Nelson
  • Rieser, The Chautauqua Moment: Protestants, Progressives, and the Culture of Modern Liberalism, by Robert D. Johnston
  • Robinson, Dangerous Liaisons: Sex and Love in the Segregated South, by Renee Romano
  • Rosen, Reproductive Health, Reproductive Rights: Reformers and the Politics of Maternal Welfare, 1917–1940, by Kathleen A. Tobin
  • Rosenof, Realignment: The Theory That Changed the Way We Think about American Politics, by Allan J. Lichtman
  • Ross, Justice of Shattered Dreams: Samuel Freeman Miller and the Supreme Court during the Civil War Era, by Elizabeth Dale
  • Rothstein, Public Health and the Risk Factor: A History of an Uneven Medical Revolution, by Joel D. Howell
  • Rotman and Savulis, eds., Shared Spaces and Divided Places: Material Dimensions of Gender Relations and the American Historical Landscape, by Mark Tebeau
  • Rowe, Bulwark of the Republic: The American Militia in Antebellum West, by George W. Geib
  • Rugh, Our Common Country: Family Farming, Culture, and Community in the Nineteenth-Century Midwest, by Thomas S. Wermuth
S
  • Saletan, Bearing Right: How Conservatives Won the Abortion War, by Leslie J. Reagan
  • Saul, Freedom Is, Freedom Ain’t: Jazz and the Making of the Sixties, by David W. Stowe
  • Scarborough, Masters of the Big House: Elite Slaveholders of the Mid-Nineteenth-Century South, by James L. Roark
  • Schafer, Becoming Free, Remaining Free: Manumission and Enslavement in New Orleans, 1846–1862, by M. Gretchen Long
  • Schiffer, Draw the Lightning Down: Benjamin Franklin and Electrical Technology in the Age of Enlightenment, by James Delbourgo
  • Schoonover, Uncle Sam’s War of 1898 and the Origins of Globalization, by Joseph A. Fry
  • Sealander, The Failed Century of the Child: Governing America’s Young in the Twentieth Century, by David I. Macleod
  • Seasholes, Gaining Ground: A History of Landmaking in Boston, by Clay McShane
  • Self, American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland, by Albert S. Broussard
  • Shumway, Modern Love: Romance, Intimacy, and the Marriage Crisis, by Jessica Weiss
  • Sioli, ed., Metropoli e natura sulle frontiere americane: Dalle non-città indiane alla città di Thoreau, dalle metropoli industriali alla città ecologica (Metropolis and nature on the American frontier: From Indian non-cities to Thoreau’s city, from industrial metropolises to the ecological city), by Karl Appuhn
  • Smith, ed., New Day Begun: African American Churches and Civic Culture in Post–Civil Rights America, by James Findlay
  • Snyder, Brabbling Women: Disorderly Speech and the Law in Early Virginia, by Holly Brewer
  • Sogrin, Politicheskaia istoriia SShA, XVII–XX vv. (The political history of the usa, 17th to 20th centuries), by J. Dane Hartgrove
  • Spann, Democracy’s Children: The Young Rebels of the 1960s and the Power of Ideals, by Dominick Cavallo
  • Speroff, Carlos Montezuma, M.D., A Yavapai American Hero: The Life and Times of an American Indian, 1866–1923, by Timothy Braatz
  • Stormer, Articulating Life’s Memory: U.S. Medical Rhetoric about Abortion in the Nineteenth Century, by Keith Cassidy
  • Strom, Profiting from the Plains: The Great Northern Railway and Corporate Development of the American West, by H. Roger Grant
  • Szymanski, Pathways to Prohibition: Radicals, Moderates, and Social Movement Outcomes, by Ian Tyrrell
T
  • Tangires, Public Markets and Civic Culture in Nineteenth-Century America, by Keith D. Revell
  • Tatalovich and Engeman, The Presidency and Political Science: Two Hundred Years of Constitutional Debate, by Charles A. Kromkowski
  • Taylor and Moore, eds., African American Women Confront the West, 1600–2000, by Gayle Gullett
  • Tichi, Exposés and Excess: Muckraking in America, 1900–2000, by Robert Miraldi
  • Trumpbour, Selling Hollywood to the World: U.S. and European Struggles for Mastery of the Global Film Industry, 1920–1950, by Ulf Jonas Bjork
V
  • Vaillant, Sounds of Reform: Progressivism and Music in Chicago, 1873–1935, by Joel Dinerstein
  • Varon, Southern Lady, Yankee Spy: The True Story of Elizabeth Van Lew, a Union Agent in the Heart of the Confederacy, by Judith Ann Giesberg
  • Vourkoutiotis, Prisoners of War and the German High Command: The British and American Experience, by Ron Robin
W
  • Walker, Dunn, and Dunn, eds., Southern Women at the Millennium: A Historical Perspective, by Betty Brandon
  • Watts, Rough Rider in the White House: Theodore Roosevelt and the Politics of Desire, by Eric Rauchway
  • Wiencek, An Imperfect God: George Washington, His Slaves, and the Creation of America, by Don Higginbotham
  • Wright, The Wealth of Nations Rediscovered: Integration and Expansion in American Financial Markets, 1780–1850, by John Majewski
  • Wrone, The Zapruder Film: Reframing jfk’s Assassination, by Barbie Zelizer
Y
  • York, Turning the World Upside Down: The War of American Independence and the Problem of Empire, by Robert J. Allison

Movie Reviews

Web site Reviews

Web site reviews are available without a subscription.

  • Thomas Jefferson Papers; and Thomas Jefferson Digital Archive, by Robert M. S. McDonald (pp. 1149–50) Read online >
  • Freedom Bound: The Underground Railroad in Lycoming County, PA, by Lois E. Horton (p. 1151) Read online >
  • American Variety Stage: Vaudeville and Popular Entertainment, 1870–1920, by Robert W. Snyder (p. 1152) Read online >
  • The World War I Document Archive; and First World War.Com: The War to End All Wars, by Christopher Capozzola (pp. 1153–54) Read online >

Letters to the Editor

Announcements

Recent Scholarship

“Recent Scholarship” is available online, Read online >

Dec. 2004 Cover

On the cover:

Though overlooked in most histories of World War I, Asians and Asian Americans served in the U.S. armed forces, often seeing military service as a path to citizenship and greater social acceptance. Here, five Japanese American doughboys from Honalo, Kona, Hawai’i, pose in their uniforms, c. 1917. Only two have been identified: Tsuneichi Fujii (right, back row) and Shigeichi Harada (center, back row). Gift of Ruth Nishida. Courtesy Reverend Shugen Komagata, Japanese American National Museum, Los Angeles. See Lucy E. Salyer, “Baptism by Fire: Race, Military Service, and U.S. Citizenship Policy, 1918–1935,” p. 847.

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