Journal of American History


From Captives to Slaves: Commodifying Indian Women in the Borderlands

Lipan Apache Indians North of the Rio Grande, c. 1834–1836. Watercolor by Lino Sanchez y Tapia after the original sketch by Jose Maria Sanchez y Tapia. Lipan Apaches were the main victims of both punitive Spanish policies and the ready market for enslaved Indians in French Louisiana.
Image courtesy Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.

In the early years of contact between Europeans and Indians, women often mediated between cultures. Scholars have examined extraordinary women such as Pocahontas and Sacagawea who acted as cross-cultural emissaries, but this emphasis on women’s agency has obscured the more coercive traffic in women that was central to Indian-European relations. Juliana Barr illuminates this darker side by exploring how some Indian women, exchanged as captives and slaves, became political and economic pawns in relations among Indian, Spanish, and French men in the borderlands of colonial America. She uses the Indian slave trade to explicate geopolitical relations among European and native powers and to expand our vision of Indian women, to portray them as not only negotiators but also victims of change. (pp. 19–46) Read online >

The Edwardsean Tradition and the Antislavery Debate, 1740–1865

This tray (undated and by an unknown artist) depicts Lemuel Haynes (1753–1833), an African American preacher to a white congregation in Vermont—a remarkable occurrence in his era. Influenced by Samuel Hopkins, Haynes opposed colonization and advocated a racially integrated society. Gift of Miss Lucy T. Aldrich.
Image courtesy Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design.

Kenneth P. Minkema and Harry S. Stout show the contradictory ways a theological tradition deriving from Jonathan Edwards entered into the American debate over slavery for nearly a century. Edwards, the mid-eighteenth-century revivalist and philosopher, owned slaves and accepted the institution. But in the era of the American Revolution, younger ministers proclaimed that Edwards’s ideas of “true virtue” and “disinterested benevolence” damned slavery. After the Revolution, the Edwardseans moved away from this radical emancipationist stance and preached that Edwards’s teachings required tolerance of slavery. In this century-long survey, Minkema and Stout highlight the radical and conservative uses of an important theological tradition. (pp. 47–74) Read online >

The New African American Inequality

During the first half of the twentieth century, African Americans remained excluded from most steady, well-paid employment. Pictured above are women working in 1899 in Belton, South Carolina; like them, most black women of their era worked as domestic servants or in agriculture. Photographer unknown.
Courtesy usda.

Using U.S. Census data from the University of Minnesota’s Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (ipums), Michael B. Katz, Mark J. Stern, and Jamie J. Fader show that the nature of black inequality fundamentally changed after World War II. Although most of the pervasive, overt racial exclusion in work, education, and politics that marked the Jim Crow system faded during the late twentieth century, racism and racial inequality did not. What stands out about the new pattern of inequality is internal differentiation. Inequality among African Americans now proceeds through a series of screens that filter them into more or less promising statuses, progressively dividing them by class and gender along lines full of implications for their economic futures. (pp. 75–108) Read online >

Taiwan Expendable? Nixon and Kissinger Go to China

During his February 1972 trip to China, Richard M. Nixon (third from left) 
shares a banquet meal with Chinese premier Zhou Enlai (second from left) after discussions about Taiwan, Japan, the Soviet Union, and other issues.
Courtesy National Archives.

Richard M. Nixon and Henry Kissinger’s effort to normalize U.S. relations with China is often hailed as a brilliant act of diplomacy. Nancy Bernkopf Tucker argues that, although normalization was in the American national interest, Nixon and Kissinger paid an unnecessarily high price. In surrendering Taiwan’s rights and interests without consulting Taipei, they undermined America’s integrity, credibility, and diplomacy. Because they feared Americans would bridle at their concessions, they relied on secrecy to control events and the historical record. Using recently declassified documents and tapes as well as interviews and oral histories, Tucker reveals that when the promises of Nixon and Kissinger could not be kept, both China and Taiwan felt betrayed. (pp. 109–35) Read online >

Special Essay

Heterosexual White Male: Some Recent Inversions in American Cultural History

Daniel Wickberg examines one of the major transformations in American social and cultural historiography over the past thirty years—the shift to writing about the histories of dominant and privileged identity categories such as whiteness, heterosexuality, and masculinity. While the influence of cultural studies and various forms of cultural theory on American historical writing have been widely observed, Wickberg argues that subfield specialization has obscured the broader links between the new social history of the 1970s and the new cultural history that grew out of it. Both an intellectual history of recent historical thinking, and a critical assessment of the coherency of the histories of masculinity, whiteness, and heterosexuality, this essay provides a unified understanding of a wide and diverse body of contemporary historiography. (pp. 136–59) Read online >

Exhibition Reviews

Pictured above is an 1898 Washington, D.C., electric streetcar scene from 
“America on the Move,” an exhibition at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History. Photo by Jeff Tinsley.
Courtesy Smithsonian Institution.
  • “Alexander Hamilton: The Man Who Made Modern America,” by Max Page (pp. 158–63) Read online >
  • “The Price of Freedom: Americans at War,” by Carole Emberton (pp. 163–65) Read online >
  • “Franklin Pierce: Defining Democracy in America,” by W. Jeffrey Bolster (p. 166) Read online >
  • Frazier Historical Arms Museum, by Tim Grove (pp. 167–68) Read online >
  • “Lindbergh,” by Ross Knox Bassett (pp. 169–70) Read online >
  • “America on the Move,” by Kevin L. Borg (pp. 171–74) Read online >
  • “Night Train to Nashville: Music City Rhythm & Blues, 1945–1970,” by Michael T. Bertrand (pp. 174–177) Read online >

Book Reviews

June 2005, Vol. 92 No. 1

Alphabetical by the last name of the book's first author or editor.

  • Adeleke, Without Regard to Race: The Other Martin Robison Delany, by Tony Martin
  • Agnew, From Charity to Social Work: Mary E. Richmond and the Creation of an American Profession, by Sarah Henry Lederman
  • Atwood, Community of the Cross: Moravian Piety in Colonial Bethlehem, by Beverly Smaby
  • Bachin, Building the South Side: Urban Space and Civic Culture in Chicago, 1890–1919, by Daniel Bluestone
  • Bailey, Guardians of the Moral Order: The Legal Philosophy of the Supreme Court, 1860–1910, by Lewis A. Grossman
  • Bak and Hölbling, eds., “Nature’s Nation” Revisited: American Concepts of Nature from Wonder to Ecological Crisis, by John Herron
  • Ben-Atar, Trade Secrets: Intellectual Piracy and the Origins of American Industrial Power, by Lawrence A. Peskin
  • Bergman, The Violet Hour: The Violet Quill and the Making of Gay Culture, by Gary L. Atkins
  • Berkowitz, Robert Ball and the Politics of Social Security, by Mark H. Leff
  • Billings, A Little Parliament: The Virginia General Assembly in the Seventeenth Century, by John G. Kolp
  • Bloom, Merchant of Illusion: James Rouse, America’s Salesman of the Businessman’s Utopia, by Richard Longstreth
  • Boelhower and Scacchi, eds., Public Space, Private Lives: Race, Gender, Class, and Citizenship in New York, 1890–1929, by Ronald H. Bayor
  • Bross, Dry Bones and Indian Sermons: Praying Indians in Colonial America, by Michael P. Clark
  • Browne, Eva Emery Dye: Romance with the West, by Richard W. Etulain
  • Bullock, Playing for Their Nation: Baseball and the American Military during World War II, by David L. Porter
  • Campbell, Music & the Making of a New South, by Michael T. Bertrand
  • Carroll, A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783–1842, by Louis De Vorsey Jr.
  • Cassella-Blackburn, The Donkey, the Carrot, and the Club: William C. Bullitt and Soviet-American Relations, 1917–1948, by Donald E. Davis
  • Chace, 1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft, and Debs— The Election That Changed the Country, by Ballard Campbell
  • Chan, Survivors: Cambodian Refugees in the United States, by Kenton Clymer
  • Classen, Watching Jim Crow: The Struggles over Mississippi tv, 1955–1969, by Sharon Monteith
  • Clinton, Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom, by John W. Quist
  • Clymer, The United States and Cambodia, 1870–1969: From Curiosity to Confrontation, by Matthew Jones
  • Clymer, The United States and Cambodia, 1969–2000: A Troubled Relationship, by Matthew Jones
  • Coffman, The Regulars: The American Army, 1898–1941, by Oliviero Bergamini
  • Cohen, The Racketeer’s Progress: Chicago and the Struggle for the Modern American Economy, 1900–1940, by John B. Jentz
  • Collier-Thomas and Franklin, eds., Sisters in the Struggle: African American Women in the Civil Rights–Black Power Movement, by Peniel E. Joseph
  • Conolly-Smith, Translating America: An Immigrant Press Visualizes American Popular Culture, 1895–1918, by Dorothee Schneider
  • Cook, The Commodification of Childhood: The Children’s Clothing Industry and the Rise of the Child Consumer, by Rob Schorman
  • Cowie and Heathcott, eds., Beyond the Ruins: The Meanings of Deindustrialization, by Michael Frisch
  • Craig, Treasonable Doubt: The Harry Dexter White Spy Case, by John Ehrman
  • Cross, The Cute and the Cool: Wondrous Innocence and Modern American Children’s Culture, by Susan J. Matt
  • Crowley and White, Drunkard’s Refuge: The Lessons of the New York State Inebriate Asylum, by Sarah C. Sitton
  • Cunningham, There’s Something Happening Here: The New Left, the Klan, and fbi Counterintelligence, by Richard Gid Powers
  • D’Agostino, Rome in America: Transnational Catholic Ideology from the Risorgimento to Fascism, by Roy Palmer Domenico
  • Daniel, Days of Glory: The Army of the Cumberland, 1861–1865, by Alan C. Aimone
  • de Nevers, The Colonel and the Pacifist: Karl Bendetsen, Perry Saito, and the Incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II, by Richard Melzer
  • Delano, Brook Farm: The Dark Side of Utopia, by Leigh E. Schmidt
  • Delmendo, The Star-Entangled Banner: One Hundred Years of America in the Philippines, by Rodney J. Ross
  • Denning, Culture in the Age of Three Worlds, by Rob Kroes
  • Deverell, Whitewashed Adobe: The Rise of Los Angeles and the Remaking of Its Mexican Past, by Douglas Monroy
  • Donahue, The Great Meadow: Farmers and the Land in Colonial Concord, by Virginia DeJohn Anderson
  • Dorsey, To Build Our Lives Together: Community Formation in Black Atlanta, 1875–1906, by Christopher Silver
  • Dougherty, More Than One Struggle: The Evolution of Black School Reform in Milwaukee, by Wayne J. Urban
  • Eden, Whole World on Fire: Organizations, Knowledge, and Nuclear Weapons Devastation, by Guy Oakes
  • Endy, Cold War Holidays: American Tourism in France, by Harvey Levenstein
  • Epstein, Lincoln and Whitman: Parallel Lives in Civil War Washington, by Jay Grossman
  • Erdman, Blue Vaudeville: Sex, Morals, and the Mass Marketing of Amusement, 1895–1915, by Kathryn J. Oberdeck
  • Ernest, Liberation Historiography: African American Writers and the Challenge of History, 1794–1861, by Stephen Gilroy Hall
  • Evans, The Kingdom Is Always but Coming: A Life of Walter Rauschenbusch, by Jacob H. Dorn
  • Fleming, In the Shadow of Selma: The Continuing Struggle for Civil Rights in the Rural South, by Adam Fairclough
  • Foley, Wilderness Journey: The Life of William Clark, by Thomas P. Slaughter
  • Foster, Moral Visions and Material Ambitions: Philadelphia Struggles to Define the Republic, 1776–1836, by Andrew Shankman
  • Friedman, Birth of a Salesman: The Transformation of Selling in America, by Janice Williams Rutherford
  • Gaff, Bayonets in the Wilderness: Anthony Wayne’s Legion in the Old Northwest, by Larry L. Nelson
  • Goldman, God’s Sacred Tongue: Hebrew & the American Imagination, by Frederic Cople Jaher
  • Gonzalez, The Bronx, by Carol P. Kaplan
  • González, Culture of Empire: American Writers, Mexico, and Mexican Immigrants, 1880–1930, by Mauricio Tenorio
  • Gragg, Englishmen Transplanted: The English Colonization of Barbados, 1627–1660, by John K. Thornton
  • Grieveson, Policing Cinema: Movies and Censorship in Early-Twentieth-Century America, by Nancy J. Rosenbloom
  • Gwyn, An Admiral for America: Sir Peter Warren, Vice Admiral of the Red, 1703–1752, by Carl E. Swanson
  • Hall, The American Empire and the Fourth World, vol. 1: The Bowl with One Spoon, by Franke Wilmer
  • Halpern, Unions, Radicals, and Democratic Presidents: Seeking Social Change in the Twentieth Century, by Kenneth D. Durr
  • Hamilton, A Vision for Girls: Gender, Education, and the Bryn Mawr School, by Amy Thompson McCandless
  • Harrison, Congress, Progressive Reform, and the New American State, by David R. Berman
  • Harvey and O’Brien, eds., George Washington’s South, by Dorothy Twohig
  • Hodgson, More Equal than Others: America from Nixon to the New Century, by Kevin J. Smant
  • Hofstra, The Planting of New Virginia: Settlement and Landscape in the Shenandoah Valley, by Marion Nelson Winship
  • Horowitz, The Anxieties of Affluence: Critiques of American Consumer Culture, 1939–1979, by Jean-Christophe Agnew
  • Ibson, Picturing Men: A Century of Male Relationships in Everyday American Photography, by Peter Boag
  • Jay, More Than Just a Game: Sports in American Life since 1945, by Richard C. Crepeau
  • Jones, William Clark and the Shaping of the West, by Thomas P. Slaughter
  • Kafer, Charles Brockden Brown’s Revolution and the Birth of American Gothic, by Mark L. Kamrath
  • Kammen, A Time to Every Purpose: The Four Seasons in American Culture, by David Bjelajac
  • Kaufman, The Pig War: The United States, Britain, and the Balance of Power in the Pacific Northwest, 1846–72, by Donald A. Rakestraw
  • Kazal, Becoming Old Stock: The Paradox of German-American Identity, by Frederick C. Luebke
  • Knerr, Suburban Steel: The Magnificent Failure of the Lustron Corporation, 1945–1951, by Barbara M. Kelly
  • Lanctot, Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution, by Robert F. Burk
  • Larson, Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory, by George E. Webb
  • Libby, Slavery and Frontier Mississippi, 1720–1835, by Daniel H. Usner Jr.
  • Lichtman and Cohen, Deadly Farce: Harvey Matusow and the Informer System in the McCarthy Era, by Athan Theoharis
  • Lieberman, Prairie Power: Voices of 1960s Midwestern Student Protest, by Robert Cohen
  • Lowe, Walker’s Texas Division, C.S.A.: Greyhounds of the Trans-Mississippi, by Robert Wooster
  • Lyman, The Overland Journey from Utah to California: Wagon Travel from the City of Saints to the City of Angels, by Barton H. Barbour
  • Lystra, Dangerous Intimacy: The Untold Story of Mark Twain’s Final Years, by Forrest G. Robinson
  • Manning, Modern Dance, Negro Dance: Race in Motion, by Julia L. Foulkes
  • Marten, Children for the Union: The War Spirit on the Northern Home Front, by Thomas H. O’Connor
  • Maynard, Architecture in the United States, 1800–1850, by E. G. Daves Rossell
  • McAuley, The Mind of Oliver C. Cox, by Vernon J. Williams Jr.
  • McCloud, Making the American Religious Fringe: Exotics, Subversives, and Journalists, 1955–1993, by John Schmalzbauer
  • Meyer, Any Friend of the Movement: Networking for Birth Control, 1920–1940, by Robyn L. Rosen
  • Miller, Forgotten Tribes: Unrecognized Indians and the Federal Acknowledgment Process, by George Pierre Castile
  • Moehring, Urbanism and Empire in the Far West, 1840–1890, by Linda Nash
  • Moore and Robinson, Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State under MacArthur, by Justin H. Libby
  • Morgan, Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery, by Marie Jenkins Schwartz
  • Morgenthaler, The River Has Never Divided Us: A Border History of La Junta de los Rios, by Stanley C. Green
  • Morrison and Schultz, eds., Salem: Place, Myth, and Memory, by James Michael Lindgren
  • Mosher, Capital’s Utopia: Vandergrift, Pennsylvania, 1855–1916, by Paul H. Tedesco
  • Most, Making Americans: Jews and the Broadway Musical, by Jeffrey Shandler
  • Murray, Methodists and the Crucible of Race, 1930–1975, by Gardiner H. Shattuck Jr.
  • Navarro, Creating Tropical Yankees: Social Science Textbooks and U.S. Ideological Control in Puerto Rico, 1898–1908, by César J. Ayala
  • Nester, The Frontier War for American Independence, by Gregory T. Knouff
  • Newman, Radio Active: Advertising and Consumer Activism, 1935–1947, by Christopher H. Sterling
  • Newman, Divine Agitators: The Delta Ministry and Civil Rights in Mississippi, by Nan Elizabeth Woodruff
  • Noll, The Rise of Evangelicalism: The Age of Edwards, Whitefield, and the Wesleys, by Thomas E. Buckley
  • O’Brien, Conjectures of Order: Intellectual Life and the American South, 1810–1860, by Lacy K. Ford
  • öfele, German-Speaking Officers in the U.S. Colored Troops, 1863–1867, by James S. Pula
  • Ostrowski, Books, Maps, and Politics: A Cultural History of the Library of Congress, 1783–1861, by William L. Joyce
  • Otnes and Pleck, Cinderella Dreams: The Allure of the Lavish Wedding, by Margaret Marsh
  • Padget, Indian Country: Travels in the American Southwest, 1840–1935, by Thomas E. Sheridan
  • Peterson, “Starving Armenians”: America and the Armenian Genocide, 1915–1930 and After, by Keith Pomakoy
  • Phillips, “Bringing Them under Subjection”: California’s Tejón Indian Reservation and Beyond, 1852–1864, by Valerie Sherer Mathes
  • Pritchard, In Search of Empire: The French in the Americas, 1670–1730, by John T. McGrath
  • Raskin, American Scream: Allen Ginsberg’s Howl and the Making of the Beat Generation, by Manuel Luis Martinez
  • Rees, Managing the Mills: Labor Policy in the American Steel Industry during the Nonunion Era, by Jack Metzgar
  • Rhomberg, No There There: Race, Class, and Political Community in Oakland, by Robyn Ceanne Spencer
  • Riley, Taking Land, Breaking Land: Women Colonizing the American West and Kenya, 1840–1940, by Barbara Handy-Marchello
  • Rosen, Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement, by Wendy Kline
  • Roth, Separate Roads to Feminism: Black, Chicana, and White Feminist Movements in America’s Second Wave, by Louise Michele Newman
  • Saiu, Stati Uniti e Italia nella Grande Guerra, 1914–1918 (The United States and Italy in the Great War, 1914–1918), by Thomas Row
  • Sallee, The Whiteness of Child Labor Reform in the New South, by Hugh D. Hindman
  • Salmond, Southern Struggles: The Southern Labor Movement and the Civil Rights Struggle, by Brian Kelly
  • Sandos, Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions, by Robert H. Jackson
  • Sato, Gunju sangyo to josei rodo: Dai niji sekai taisen ka no Nichi-Bei hikaku (Military industry and women’s work: A comparison of Japan and the United States during World War II), by Kauko Laitinen
  • Schrum, Some Wore Bobby Sox: The Emergence of Teenage Girls’ Culture, 1920–1945, by Susan J. Matt
  • Sedlmaier, Deutschlandbilder und Deutschlandpolitik: Studien zur Wilson-Administration (1913–1921) (Images of Germany and German politics: Studies of the Wilson administration [1913–1921]), by Manfred Jonas
  • Segal, A Framework for Immigration: Asians in the United States, by George Anthony Peffer
  • Shabazz, Advancing Democracy: African Americans and the Struggle for Access and Equity in Higher Education in Texas, by Raymond Wolters
  • Shockley, “We, Too, Are Americans”: African American Women in Detroit and Richmond, 1940–54, by Lawrence B. de Graaf
  • Shoemaker, A Strange Likeness: Becoming Red and White in Eighteenth-Century North America, by Eric Hinderaker
  • Shorto, The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony That Shaped America, by Paul Otto
  • Sklansky, The Soul’s Economy: Market Society and Selfhood in American Thought, 1820–1920, by James T. Kloppenberg
  • Sparks, The Two Princes of Calabar: An Eighteenth-Century Atlantic Odyssey, by Douglas Hamilton
  • Stockel, On the Bloody Road to Jesus: Christianity and the Chiricahua Apaches, by Catherine A. Corman
  • Storey, Loyalty and Loss: Alabama’s Unionists in the Civil War and Reconstruction, by Robert C. Kenzer
  • Stossel, Sarge: The Life and Times of Sargent Shriver, by James N. Giglio
  • Stueck, ed., The Korean War in World History, by James I. Matray
  • Summers, Manliness and Its Discontents: The Black Middle Class and the Transformation of Masculinity, 1900–1930, by Davarian L. Baldwin
  • Summers, Party Games: Getting, Keeping, and Using Power in Gilded Age Politics, by Richard Franklin Bensel
  • Sweet, Bodies Politic: Negotiating Race in the American North, 1730–1830, by Serena Zabin
  • Tanenhaus, Juvenile Justice in the Making, by L. Mara Dodge
  • Taylor, “The Supply for Tomorrow Must Not Fail”: The Civil War of Captain Simon Perkins Jr., a Union Quartermaster, by Harold S. Wilson
  • Thompson, Woodrow Wilson, by Lloyd E. Ambrosius
  • Thorne, The World’s Richest Indian: The Scandal over Jackson Barnett’s Oil Fortune, by Leonard A. Carlson
  • Tracy and Acker, eds., Altering American Consciousness: The History of Alcohol and Drug Use in the United States, 1800–2000, by Joseph F. Spillane
  • Turgeon, Patrimoines Métissés: Contextes coloniaux et postcoloniaux (Crossed heritages: Colonial and postcolonial contexts), by Patricia Kay Galloway
  • Vagnoux, Les états-Unis et le Mexique: Histoire d’une relation tumultueuse (The United States and Mexico: History of a tumultuous relationship), by Max Paul Friedman
  • Varon, Bringing the War Home: The Weather Underground, the Red Army Faction, and Revolutionary Violence in the Sixties and Seventies, by Jeremi Suri
  • Vatanen, Sääty-yhteiskunnan kirjastosta kansalaisyhteiskunnan kirjastoksi: Yleisten kirjastojemme murroskausi 1890-luvulta 1920-luvulle (From a library of a class society to a library of a citizenry: Finnish public libraries become American, 1890–1920), by Thomas A. DuBois
  • Verheul, ed., Dreams of Paradise, Visions of Apocalypse: Utopia and Dystopia in American Culture, by Charles J. Rooney Jr.
  • Walker, Three Mile Island: A Nuclear Crisis in Historical Perspective, by Jack M. Holl
  • Ward, Voodoo Queen: The Spirited Lives of Marie Laveau, by Alecia P. Long
  • Ward, Charles Willson Peale: Art and Selfhood in the Early Republic, by Wendy Jean Katz
  • Wheeler, Against Obscenity: Reform and the Politics of Womanhood in America, 1873–1935, by Francis G. Couvares
  • White, The Beecher Sisters, by A. Cheree Carlson
  • Wirls and Wirls, The Invention of the United States Senate, by David J. Siemers
  • Witt, The Accidental Republic: Crippled Workingmen, Destitute Widows, and the Remaking of American Law, by Barbara Y. Welke
  • Wood, Heir to the Fathers: John Quincy Adams and the Spirit of Constitutional Government, by Lynn Hudson Parsons
  • Wood, The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin, by Nian-Sheng Huang
  • Woods, Black Struggle, Red Scare: Segregation and Anti-Communism in the South, 1948–1968, by William J. Billingsley
  • Yellin, Our Mothers’ War: American Women at Home and at the Front during World War II, by Judy Barrett Litoff
  • Zelizer, On Capitol Hill: The Struggle to Reform Congress and Its Consequences, 1948–2000, by Richard L. Schott

Web site Reviews

Web site reviews are available without a subscription.

  • Nature Transformed: The Environment in American History, by Andrew Hurley (p. 323) Read online >
  • California as I Saw It: First-Person Narratives of California’s Early Years, 1849–1900, by Richard Stillson (p. 324) Read online >
  • Disability History Museum, by Laura Umansky (p. 325) Read online >
  • Oral History Online, by Pamela M. Henson (p. 326) Read online >
  • Densho: The Japanese American Legacy Project; A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans & the U.S. Constitution; and Life Interrupted: The Japanese American Experience in WWII Arkansas, by Allan W. Austin (p. 326) Read online >

Letters to the Editor


Recent Scholarship

Browse “Recent Scholarship” listing >

Recent Scholarship is available as a searchable database, Recent Scholarship Online >

June 2005 Cover

On the cover:

In their urge to normalize relations with China, Henry Kissinger and Richard M. Nixon were in a rush to get to Beijing. The cartoonist Ranan Lurie took aim at their determination not to let obstacles such as Taiwan (then called Formosa), Democratic party politicians, or the Soviet Union get in their way. Copyright Ranan Lurie, Cartoonews. Reprinted with permission. See Nancy Bernkopf Tucker, “Taiwan Expendable? Nixon and Kissinger Go to China,” p. 109.

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