Journal of American History

Presidential Address

Nuestra América: Latino History as United States History

933 Ruiz

Why does Latino history matter? In her presidential address to the 2006 Organization of American Historians convention, Vicki L. Ruiz assesses the state of that field, highlighting sources, debates, and themes. Ruiz emphasizes three historical moments pivotal to reimagining an American narrative with Latinos as meaningful actors—1848 (the U.S.-Mexican War), 1898 (the Filipino-Cuban-Spanish-American War), and 1948 (the political activism of the Latino G.I. generation). From carving out a community in St. Augustine in 1565 to reflecting on colonialism and liberty in the 1890s to fighting for civil rights in the courts of the 1940s, Spanish-speaking peoples, Ruiz shows, have made U.S. history within and beyond the nation’s borders. (pp. 655–673) Read online >


Telling Stories: The Political Uses of Myth and History in the Cherokee and Creek Nations

933 Saunt

Claudio Saunt explores the ways Creek and Cherokee leaders seized on evolving distinctions between myth and history to tell their peoples’ stories of origin to themselves and their Euro-American adversaries. Beginning in the early nineteenth century, Cherokees and Creeks invoked, exploited, and shaped Western fantasies about myth to preserve their land title. Similarly, they drew on Western conceptions of history to defend their nations’ sovereignty and to cultivate nationalism among their own people. In the hands of Indians, myth and history became powerful weapons in a struggle against the United States. (pp. 673–97) Read online >

Dorothea Lange: The Photographer as Agricultural Sociologist

933 Gordon

Dorothea Lange has been much studied as a photographer, but the content of her work has rarely been incorporated into our understanding of the New Deal. Linda Gordon examines Lange as both a paid propagandist for federal agricultural programs and a knowledgeable critic of the business of U.S. agriculture. Working as a team for the Farm Security Administration, Lange and her husband, Paul Schuster Taylor, an agricultural economist, called attention to the horrendous working and living conditions of farm workers across the United States, particularly in California, and denounced the practices of large-scale agribusiness. Lange’s photographs and little-studied captions reveal the inadequacy of New Deal attempts to help farm workers. (pp. 698–727) Read online >

Conventional Iconoclasm: The Cultural Work of the Nietzsche Image in Twentieth-Century America

933 Ratner

In 1899 the American philosopher Charles M. Bakewell wondered how he could rationalize the current vogue for Friedrich Nietzsche. The German philosopher challenged American ideals such as truth, rationality, and equality, as well as faith in God. Yet, Nietzsche has conquered present-day America, with his philosophy appearing everywhere from university courses to our morning papers. Jennifer Ratner-Rosenhagen argues that the philosopher’s ideas cannot be divorced from his being. Nietzsche tapped into an undercurrent of American culture: the contest over the intellectual. American readers, then and now, found in Nietzsche’s tragic story—his alienation, madness, and mental collapse—a narrative about heroic striving, the fate of genius, and individual achievement and failure in modern life. (pp. 728–55) Read online >

Round Table

933 Levin

In September 2005 scholars gathered at George Mason University to assess the state of cultural history in America as a way of honoring Lawrence W. Levine and his work in creating and fostering the field. We publish some of the presentations from that conference. His longtime friend and colleague Leon F. Litwack sketches Levine’s life and career; Nell Irvin Painter and Jean-Christophe Agnew explore the significance of Levine’s work for the evolution of cultural history. A transcript of an oral history interview with Levine by Ann Lage, shown as a video at the conference, concludes our round table. We hope the essays and interview capture Levine as a scholar, a teacher, a pioneer in the world of history, and a man of humility and humor.

  • The State of Cultural History: A Conference in Honor of Lawrence W. Levine,
    Roy Rosenzweig (pp. 755–56) Read online >
  • Introduction,
    Leon F. Litwack (pp. 757–60) Read online >
  • Who We Are’: Lawrence Levine as William Jamesian Pragmatist and as Gustave de Baumont,
    Nell Irvin Painter (pp. 761–71) Read online >
  • Capitalism, Culture, and Catastrophe: Lawrence Levine and the Opening of Cultural History,
    Jean-Christophe Agnew (pp. 772–91) Read online >
  • An Interview with Lawrence W. Levine,
    Ann Lage (pp. 792–804) Read online >

A memorial to Lawrence W. Levine is available at

Exhibition Reviews

933 Er
  • “Lincoln: The Constitution and the Civil War,” by Randall M. Miller (pp. 805–808) Read online >
  • “The Great American Thing: Modern Art and National Identity 1915–1935,” by W. J. Rorabaugh (pp. 808–10) Read online >
  • “A Perfect Fit: The Garment Industry and American Jewry 1860–1960,” by Ann Meyerson (pp. 810–15) Read online >
  • “African American Vernacular Photography: Selections from the Daniel Cowin Collection,” by Tanya Sheehan (pp. 815–19) Read online >
  • “Sikh Community: Over 100 Years in the Pacific Northwest,” by Purnima Dhavan (pp. 819–20) Read online >
  • Arab American National Museum, by Raymond Silverman (pp. 821–22) Read online >
  • “America: Through Immigrant Eyes,” by Kathy M. Newman (pp. 825–27) Read online >
  • Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame, by Trevor Jones (pp. 827–30) Read online >
  • Mahatma Gandhi Memorial, by Nico Slate (pp. 830–33) Read online >

Book Reviews

Dec. 2006, Vol. 93 No. 3

Alphabetical by the last name of the book's first author or editor.


Movie Reviews

933 Mr
  • “Reel Report, 2005–2006,” by Robert Brent Toplin (pp. 965–67) Read online >
  • Ten Days That Unexpectedly Changed America: Massacre at Mystic, by Tracy Neal Leavelle (pp. 967–68) Read online >
  • The War That Made America: The Story of the French and Indian War, by Daniel P. Barr (pp. 968–69) Read online >
  • John and Abigail Adams, by C. Bradley Thompson (pp. 969–70) Read online >
  • Ten Days That Unexepectedly Changed America: Shays’ Rebellion—America’s First Civil War, by Donald L. Robinson (pp. 970–71) Read online >
  • The Supreme Court, Part I: The Least Dangerous Branch, by Scott D. Gerber (pp. 971–72) Read online >
  • John Marshall: Citizen, Stateman, Jurist, by Scott King-Owen (pp. 972–73) Read online >
  • Ten Days That Unexpectedly Changed America: Gold Rush, by Mark A. Eifler (pp. 973–74) Read online >
  • Ten Days That Unexpectedly Changed America: Antietam, by John Cimprich (pp. 974–75) Read online >
  • Ten Days That Unexpectedly Changed America: The Homestead Strike, by Edward Slavishak (pp. 975–76) Read online >
  • Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, by Tilden Edelstein (pp. 976–77) Read online >
  • Mary Pickford, by Kathleen Feeley (pp. 977–79) Read online >
  • Ten Days That Unexpectedly Changed America: Scopes—The Battle over America’s Soul, by Constance Clark (pp. 979–80) Read online >
  • Eugene O’Neill: A Documentary Film, by Peter Conn (pp. 980–81) Read online >
  • Langston Hughes: Working toward Salvation, by Kate A. Baldwin (pp. (pp. 981–82) Read online >
  • The March of the Bonus Army, by Paul Bonnifield (pp. 982–83) Read online >
  • Ten Days That Unexpectedly Changed America: Einstein’s Letter, by WynWachhorst (pp. 983–84) Read online >
  • The Nuremberg Trials, by Manfred Jonas (pp. 984–85) Read online >
  • Good Night, and Good Luck, by Ron Briley (pp. 985–86) Read online >
  • Las Vegas: An Unconventional History, by Hal K. Rothman (pp. 986–87) Read online >
  • Ten Days That Unexpectedly Changed America: When America was Rocked, by Michael T. Bertrand (pp. 987–88) Read online >
  • Brokeback Mountain, by Susan Lee Johnson (pp. 988–90) Read online >
  • Capote, by Charles L. Ponce de Leon (pp. 990–91) Read online >
  • Ten Days That Unexpectedly Changed America: Freedom Summer, by Mark Newman (pp. 991–92) Read online >
  • Two Days in October, by Jeremi Suri (pp. 992–93) Read online >
  • Race to the Moon: The Daring Adventure of Apollo 8, by Roger D. Launius (pp. 994–95) Read online >
  • Broken Brotherhood: Vietnam and the Boys from Colgate, by Scott Laderman (pp. 995–96) Read online >
  • A Reunion of Soldiers (A Vietnam Reflection: A Documentary), by Pierre Asselin (pp. 996–97) Read online >
  • One Bright Shining Moment: The Forgotten Summer of George McGovern, by Edward P. Morgan (pp. 997) Read online >
  • When the Levees Broke: A Requiem in Four Acts, by Thomas Doherty (pp. 997–99) Read online >

Web site Reviews

Web site reviews are available without a subscription.

  • The New Georgia Encyclopedia, by J. William Harris (pp. 1000–1002) Read online >
  • Investing Entertainment: The Motion Pictures and Sound Recordings of the Edison Companies, by Elena Razlogova (pp. 1002) Read online >
  • Separate Is Not Equal Brown v. Board of Education; The University of Michigan Digital Archive Brown v. Board of Education, and Brown@50: Fulfilling the Promise, by Mary L. Dudziak (pp. 1002–1004) Read online >
  • Jewish Women and the Feminist Revolution, by Lila Corwin Berman (pp. 1004–1005) Read online >

Letters to the Editor


Recent Scholarship

Browse “Recent Scholarship” listing >

Recent Scholarship is available as a searchable database, Recent Scholarship Online >

cover image

On the cover:

“Near Douglas, Georgia. ‘You don’t have to worriate so much and you’ve got time to raise somp’n to eat.’ The program to eliminate the risk and uncertainty of a one-crop system meets the approval of this sharecropper. She sits on the porch and sorts tobacco.” July 1938. Photo by Dorothea Lange. Courtesy Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, fsa/owi Collection, LC-USF34-018708-E. See Linda Gordon, “Dorothea Lange: The Photographer as Agricultural Sociologist,” p. 698.

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