Journal of American History


“Like a Roaring Lion”: The Overland Trail as a Sonic Conquest

Courtesy Nevada Historical Society.

In the essay that won the 2008 Louis Pelzer Award, Sarah Keyes brings a fresh perspective to the story of the Overland Trail by analyzing how sound shaped Native Americans’ and Euro-Americans’ trail experiences and understandings of the trail’s significance. In diaries and memoirs, Euro-Americans portrayed the sounds they made as having the power to subdue the savage wilds and to help transform the West into American territory. Whereas the established narrative of the Overland Trail has downplayed violence between natives and Euro-Americans, overlanders’ depiction of sonic assaults encourages us to reconsider the violence perpetrated by the wagon trains. The sonic component of the trail experience also qualifies historians’ argument that in recent centuries hearing has lost influence to seeing by demonstrating the continued importance of sound in post-Enlightenment Euro-American culture. (pp. 19–43) Read online >

“The Free and Open People’s Market”: Political Ideology and Retail Brokerage at the New York Stock Exchange, 1913–1933

Reprinted from the New York Herald, March 19, 1908.

As the stock market roils and the recession deepens, Americans agonize over their financial futures and policy makers struggle to shore up teetering financial institutions. How did stock market investment—once perceived as disreputable and dangerous—become a mass practice? How did financial markets and institutions—broadly understood as marginal at the beginning of the twentieth century—come to be seen as the foundation of American capitalism? Julia C. Ott examines the efforts of the New York Stock Exchange (nyse) to transform Americans’ perceptions of and relationships with the stock market in the 1910s and 1920s. As nyse publicists promoted stock ownership as a supremely democratic practice, they established many of the basic economic precepts of modern political conservatism. (pp. 44–71) Read online >

Listen to Julia C. Ott and Associate Editor Stephen Andrews discuss her article in the June 2009 installment of the JAH Podcast.

Coal-Fired Reforms: Social Citizenship, Dissident Miners, and the Great Society

Photograph © Fred. J. Maroon. Courtesy Robert Kaplan Papers, Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library.

In the usual narrative of the Great Society, rank-and-file workers appear only in the final chapter, as the brakes on the movement that ended racial apartheid in the South, expanded the welfare state, and sought to give poor people power in devising solutions to poverty. To the contrary, Robyn Muncy argues, ordinary workers—in this case, Appalachian coal miners—also appeared in the first chapter of the Great Society story. Outraged by retrenchments in their private health and retirement programs, these miners and other constituents of organized labor played a crucial role in the social upheaval that created the Great Society. (pp. 72–98) Read online >

Gray Matters: Social Scientists, Military Patronage, and Democracy in the Cold War

Photographer © Halle Erskine. Courtesy Library of Congress, Manuscripts Division.

In the 1950s scholars joined forces with the Defense Department to combat the spread of Communism in the Third World. While many historians have focused on the threat that military patronage posed to scholarly objectivity, Joy Rohde argues that the most important challenge faced by government-funded researchers in the social sciences was reconciling their elite scientific authority with their allegiance to democratic, participatory politics. Scholars produced a range of solutions to the problem, but none satisfied a public that was becoming increasingly disillusioned with expert knowledge. By the end of the 1960s, Pentagon-funded scholars were being exiled from university campuses, with ironic consequences—the backlash against state-sponsored expertise fueled a military-dependent research industry that was private and decidedly undemocratic. (pp. 99–122) Read online >

“The Specter of Environmentalism”: Wilderness, Environmental Politics, and the Evolution of the New Right

Courtesy Steve Greenberg.

The American West has been a fertile seedbed for opposition to environmental reform. James Morton Turner argues that populist opposition to environmental reform from the 1970s into the 1990s did not emerge most forcefully in battles over pollution, toxins, and other threats to public health, but in response to liberal Democrats and environmentalists’ championing of a new federal role in addressing long-standing issues such as wilderness protection. Through its national agenda, beginning in the 1970s the Republican party successfully harnessed growing anger over public lands protection. Republicans thereby made the public lands, especially those in the West, an issue essential to the rise of the conservative Right in the postwar era. (pp. 123–49) Read online >

For suggestions on how to use this article in the U.S. history classroom, see “Teaching the JAH.”

Exhibition Reviews

Photographer Andrea Del Valle.
  • “Introduction,” by Benjamin Filene and Brian Horrigan (p. 149) Read online >
  • “In Our Own Words: Portraits of Brooklyn’s Vietnam Veterans,” by Amy Starecheski (pp. 150–52) Read online >
  • “Soul Soldiers: African Americans and the Vietnam Era,” by Michael J. Kramer (p. 153–55) Read online >
  • National Museum of the Marine Corp, Triangle, Va., by Clay Lewis (pp. 156–61) Read online >
  • “What’s Going On: Newark and the Legacy of the Sixties,” by Mark Krasovic (pp. 162–65) Read online >
  • “Black Thursday Remembered: Race, Politics, and Campus Unrest in Northeast Wisconsin during the Late 1960s,” by Andrew E. Kersten and Jerald Podair (pp. 166–68) Read online >
  • “Buckminster Fuller: Starting with the Universe,” by Howard P. Segal (pp. 169–73) Read online >
  • Muhammad Ali Center, by Randy Roberts (pp. 173–77) Read online >

Book Reviews

June 2009, Vol. 96 No. 1

Alphabetical by the last name of the book's first author or editor.

  • Allen and Clubb, Race, Class, and the Death Penalty: Capital Punishment in American History, by Jürgen Martschukat
  • Alvarez, The Power of the Zoot: Youth Culture and Resistance during World War II, by Eduardo Obregón Pagán
  • Andrew, Wade Hampton: Confederate Warrior to Southern Redeemer, by Charles J. Holden
  • Arnold, The Fisherman’s Frontier: People and Salmon in Southeast Alaska, by Arthur F. McEvoy
  • Ashmore, Carry It On: The War on Poverty and the Civil Rights Movement in Alabama, 1964–1972, by Clarence L. Mohr
  • Baatz, For the Thrill of It: Leopold, Loeb, and the Murder That Shocked Chicago, by Elizabeth Dale
  • Baer, The Trial of Frederick Eberle: Language, Patriotism, and Citizenship in Philadelphia’s German Community, 1790 to 1830, by Marianne S. Wokeck
  • Barnes, Artisan Workers in the Upper South: Petersburg, Virginia, 1820–1865, by Richard Oestreicher
  • Beeby, Revolt of the Tar Heels: The North Carolina Populist Movement, 1890–1901, by Barton C. Shaw
  • Belmonte, Selling the American Way: U.S. Propaganda and the Cold War, by Kenneth A. Osgood
  • Blake, Walt Whitman and the Culture of American Celebrity, by Peter Gibian
  • Bloom, Public Housing That Worked: New York in the Twentieth Century, by John F. Bauman
  • Blum, Love Canal Revisited: Race, Class, and Gender in Environmental Activism, by David Rosner
  • Blum, The View from the Masthead: Maritime Imagination and Antebellum American Sea Narratives, by Robert Lawson-Peebles
  • Bradley and Young, eds., Making Sense of the Vietnam Wars: Local, National, and Transnational Perspective, by Patrick Hagopian
  • Bric, Ireland, Philadelphia, and the Re-invention of America, 1760–1800, by Seth Cotlar
  • Brown, Frontiersman: Daniel Boone and the Making of America, by Michael A. Lofaro
  • Burke, Come In and Hear the Truth: Jazz and Race on 52nd Street, by Susan Curtis
  • Burke, From Greenwich Village to Taos: Primitivism and Place at Mabel Dodge Luhan’s, by Martha A. Sandweiss
  • Campbell, Unlikely Allies: Britain, America, and the Victorian Origins of the Special Relationship, by Brian Jenkins
  • Caponi-Tabery, Jump For Joy: Jazz, Basketball, and Black Culture in 1930s America, by Douglas Henry Daniels
  • Carter, Inventing Vietnam: The United States and State Building, 1954–1968, by Robert J. McMahon
  • Caudill and Ashdown, Sherman’s March in Myth and Memory, by James C. Klotter
  • Chiang, Shaping the Shoreline: Fisheries and Tourism on the Monterey Coast, by Lawrence Culver
  • Cinotto, Terra soffice uva nera: Vitivinicoltori piemontesi in California prima e dopo il Proibizionismo (Soft earth black grape: Piedmontese winegrowers in California before and after Prohibition), by Andrew Rolle
  • Clark, God—or Gorilla: Images of Evolution in the Jazz Age, by George E. Webb
  • Clymer, Drawing the Line at the Big Ditch: The Panama Canal Treaties and the Rise of the Right, by Christopher A. Preble
  • Cohen and Boyer, eds., Religion and the Culture of Print in Modern America, by Barbara E. Lacey
  • Coker, Liquor in the Land of the Lost Cause: Southern White Evangelicals and the Prohibition Movement, by Thomas H. Appleton Jr.
  • Coleman, Colombia and the United States: The Making of an Inter-American Alliance, 1939–1960, by Max Paul Friedman
  • Conkin, A Revolution Down on the Farm: The Transformation of American Agriculture since 1929, by Shane Hamilton
  • Crawley, Somoza and Roosevelt: Good Neighbour Diplomacy in Nicaragua, 1933–1945, by Thomas Alan Schwartz
  • Cull, The Cold War and the United States Information Agency: American Propaganda and Public Diplomacy, 1945–1989, by Allan M. Winkler
  • Dabel, A Respectable Woman: The Public Roles of African American Women in 19th-Century New York, by Ena L. Farley
  • Dantas, Black Townsmen: Urban Slavery and Freedom in the Eighteenth-Century Americas, by Graham Russell Gao Hodges
  • Daugherity and Bolton, eds., With All Deliberate Speed: Implementing Brown v. Board of Education, by Christopher W. Schmidt
  • Davenport, Friends of the Unrighteous Mammon: Northern Christians and Market Capitalism, 1815–1860, by Candy Gunther Brown
  • Davis, The Political Thought of Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Women’s Rights and the American Political Traditions, by Ann D. Gordon
  • Davis and Wilson, eds., The Lincoln-Douglas Debates, by Michael P. Johnson
  • Dawdy, Building the Devil’s Empire: French Colonial New Orleans, by John T. McGrath
  • Dobbs, One Minute to Midnight: Kennedy, Khrushchev, and Castro on the Brink of Nuclear War, by Philip Nash
  • Dossett, Bridging Race Divides: Black Nationalism, Feminism, and Integration in the United States, 1896–1935, by Rebecca Wanzo
  • Dudziak, Exporting American Dreams: Thurgood Marshall’s African Journey, by Leland Ware
  • Eelman, Entrepreneurs in the Southern Upcountry: Commercial Culture in Spartanburg, South Carolina, 1845–1880, by John M. Giggie
  • Ellis, Aggressive Nationalism: McCulloch v. Maryland and the Foundation of Federal Authority in the Young Republic, by Keith Whittington
  • Erenberg, The Greatest Fight of Our Generation: Louis vs. Schmeling, by Barbara Keys
  • Evans, Bound in Twine: The History and Ecology of the Henequen-Wheat Complex for Mexico and the American and Canadian Plains, 1880–1950, by David B. Danbom
  • Fear-Segal, White Man’s Club: Schools, Race, and the Struggle of Indian Acculturation, by John Sheridan Milloy
  • Fein, Paving the Way: New York Road Building and the American State, 1880–1956, by David Blanke
  • Feingold, Jewish Power in America: Myth and Reality, by Stephen J. Whitfield
  • Fellman, Little House, Long Shadow: Laura Ingalls Wilder’s Impact on American Culture, by Ronald Weber
  • Frankum, Operation Passage to Freedom: The United States Navy in Vietnam, 1954–1955, by Andrew Wiest
  • Fraser, Wall Street: America’s Dream Palace, by Wyatt C. Wells
  • Gaither, Homeschool: An American History, by David I. Macleod
  • Gallagher, Causes Won, Lost, and Forgotten: How Hollywood and Popular Art Shape What We Know about the Civil War, by Jesse Thomas Moore Jr.
  • Gilmore, ed., Feminist Coalitions: Historical Perspectives on Second-Wave Feminism in the United States, by Rosalyn Baxandall
  • Glover and Smith, The Shipwreck That Saved Jamestown: The Sea Venture Castaways and the Fate of America, by James Pritchard
  • Glymph, Out of the House of Bondage: The Transformation of the Plantation Household, by Jessica Millward
  • Goldberg, Citizens and Paupers: Relief, Rights, and Race, from the Freedmen’s Bureau to Workfare, by Rhonda Y. Williams
  • Goldin and Katz, The Race between Education and Technology, by Colin Burke
  • Graff, The Dallas Myth: The Making and Unmaking of an American City, by Alan H. Lessoff
  • Grampp, From Yard to Garden: The Domestication of America’s Home Grounds, by Richard Harris
  • Grow, U.S. Presidents and Latin American Interventions: Pursuing Regime Change in the Cold War, by Stephen G. Rabe
  • Gutzman, Virginia’s American Revolution: From Dominion to Republic, 1776–1840, by Stuart Leibiger
  • Hämäläinen, The Comanche Empire, by Daniel J. Gelo
  • Hankins, American Evangelicals: A Contemporary History of a Mainstream Religious Movement, by Kurt W. Peterson
  • Hayes, The Road to Monticello: The Life and Mind of Thomas Jefferson, by R. B. Bernstein
  • Hyra, The New Urban Renewal: The Economic Transformation of Harlem and Bronzeville, by Richard J. Meister
  • Isserman and Weaver, Fallen Giants: A History of Himalayan Mountaineering from the Age of Empire to the Age of Extremes, by Mark Harvey
  • Iton, In Search of the Black Fantastic: Politics and Popular Culture in the Post–Civil Rights Era, by Ben Keppel
  • Jackson, Child of the Sit-Downs: The Revolutionary Life of Genora Dollinger, by Kevin Boyle
  • Johnson, Southern Women at the Seven Sister Colleges: Feminist Values and Social Activism, 1875–1915, by Andrea Hamilton
  • Johnston, Endgame 1758: The Promise, the Glory, and the Despair of Louisbourg’s Last Decade, by Reginald C. Stuart
  • Jones, The Bay of Pigs, by William O. Walker III
  • Kammen, Visual Shock: A History of Art Controversies in American Culture, by Harriet Senie
  • Kaufman, Plans Unraveled: The Foreign Policy of the Carter Administration, by John Dumbrell
  • Keller, Mr. Gatling’s Terrible Marvel: The Gun That Changed Everything and the Misunderstood Genius Who Invented It, by Barton C. Hacker
  • Kermes, Creating an American Identity: New England, 1789–1825, by Paul E. Teed
  • Knupfer and Woyshner, eds., The Educational Work of Women’s Organizations, 1890–1960, by Mary Ann Dzuback
  • Koikari, Pedagogy of Democracy: Feminism and the Cold War in the U.S. Occupation of Japan, by Karen Garner
  • Kroll, America’s Ocean Wilderness: A Cultural History of Twentieth-Century Exploration, by Phillip Drennon Thomas
  • Kunzel, Criminal Intimacy: Prison and the Uneven History of Modern American Sexuality, by Stephen Robertson
  • Larson, The Assassin’s Accomplice: Mary Surratt and the Plot to Kill Abraham Lincoln, by Judith Ann Giesberg
  • Leckie and Parezo, eds., Their Own Frontier: Women Intellectuals Re-Visioning the American West, by Michael J. Lansing
  • Lee, Bureaus of Efficiency: Reforming Local Government in the Progressive Era, by Thomas R. Pegram
  • Lehrman, Lincoln at Peoria: The Turning Point, by Daniel W. Stowell
  • Lewis-Colman, Race against Liberalism: Black Workers and the uaw in Detroit, by James Wolfinger
  • Lorini, L’Impero della libertà e l’isola strategica: Gli Stati Uniti e Cuba tra otto e Novecento (The empire of liberty and the strategic island: The United States and Cuba at the turn of the century), by Daniel Gaido
  • Lowndes, From the New Deal to the New Right: Race and the Southern Origins of Modern Conservatism, by Catherine Maddison
  • Luconi, La faglia dell’antisemitismo: Italiani ed ebrei negli Stati Uniti, 1920-1941 (The fault of anti-Semitism: Italians and Jews in the United States, 1920–1941), by Enzo Traverso
  • Magee, What the World Should Be: Woodrow Wilson and the Crafting of a Faith-Based Foreign Policy, by George H. Skau
  • Malka, Daring to Care: American Nursing and Second-Wave Feminism, by Laura E. Ettinger
  • Malloy, Atomic Tragedy: Henry L. Stimson and the Decision to Use the Bomb against Japan, by Monroe H. Little
  • Marten and Foster, eds., More Than a Contest between Armies: Essays on the Civil War Era, by Lyde Cullen Sizer
  • Martin, Devil of the Domestic Sphere: Temperance, Gender, and Middle-Class Ideology, 1800–1860, by Ruth M. Alexander
  • Marvel, Lincoln’s Darkest Year: The War in 1862, by John Cimprich
  • Masur, The Soiling of Old Glory: The Story of a Photograph That Shocked America, by Jeanne Theoharis
  • Maynard, Woodrow Wilson: Princeton to the Presidency, by Robert C. Hilderbrand
  • McDermott, Presidential Leadership, Illness, and Decision Making, by Hugh E. Evans M.D.
  • McGarry, Ghosts of Futures Past: Spiritualism and the Cultural Politics of Nineteenth-Century America, by Robert Sayre Cox
  • McKivigan, Forgotten Firebrand: James Redpath and the Making of Nineteenth-Century America, by Carl J. Guarneri
  • McWilliams, American Pests: The Losing War on Insects from Colonial Times to ddt, by John H. Perkins
  • Melnick, Senda Berenson: The Unlikely Founder of Women’s Basketball, by Linda J. Borish
  • Mintz and Stauffer, eds., The Problem of Evil: Slavery, Freedom, and the Ambiguities of American Reform, by John C. Inscoe
  • Miskolcze, Women and Children First: Nineteenth-Century Sea Narratives and American Identity, by Robert Lawson-Peebles
  • Murphy, Political Manhood: Red Bloods, Mollycoddles, and the Politics of Progressive Era Reform, by Jay Hatheway
  • Murphy, The People Have Never Stopped Dancing: Native American Modern Dance Histories, by Stephanie Fitzgerald
  • Myers, Caution and Cooperation: The American Civil War in British-American Relations, by Kenneth J. Blume
  • Nash and Hodges, Friends of Liberty: Thomas Jefferson, Tadeusz Kosciuszko, and Agrippa Hull; A Tale of Three Patriots, Two Revolutions, and a Tragic Betrayal of Freedom in the New Nation, by François Furstenberg
  • Nichols, Jesus Made in America: A Cultural History from the Puritans to The Passion of the Christ, by G. Howard Miller
  • Norton, Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City, by Richard O. Davies
  • Obadele-Starks, Freebooters and Smugglers: The Foreign Slave Trade in the United States after 1808, by Jay Coughtry
  • Obi, Fighting for Honor: The History of African Martial Art Traditions in the Atlantic World, by Loren Schweninger
  • Ott, Confederate Daughters: Coming of Age during the Civil War, by Jeffrey W. McClurken
  • Pearson, The Nez Perces in the Indian Territory: Nimiipuu Survival, by Christopher L. Miller
  • Renoff, The Big Tent: The Traveling Circus in Georgia, 1820–1930, by Don B. Wilmeth
  • Richards, Union-Free America: Workers and Antiunion Culture, by Daniel J. Opler
  • Richardson, West from Appomattox: The Reconstruction of America after the Civil War, by Brooks D. Simpson
  • Robertson, The Slave Ship Clotilda and the Making of AfricaTown, usa: Spirit of Our Ancestors, by Jay Coughtry
  • Roeber, ed., Ethnographies and Exchanges: Native Americans, Moravians, and Catholics in Early North America, by Craig D. Atwood
  • Rogers, Murder and the Death Penalty in Massachusetts, by Howard W. Allen
  • Rojas, From Black Power to Black Studies: How a Radical Social Movement Became an Academic Discipline, by Richard H. King
  • Rollins and O’Connor, eds., Why We Fought: America’s Wars in Film and History, by Blaine T. Browne
  • Rugh, Are We There Yet? The Golden Age of American Family Vacations, by A. K. Sandoval-Strausz
  • Ryan, Calls and Responses: The American Novel of Slavery since Gone with the Wind, by Barbara Ryan
  • Schantz, Awaiting the Heavenly Country: The Civil War and America’s Culture of Death, by John J. Kucich
  • Scherer, Rights in the Balance: Free Press, Fair Trial, and Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart, by Mark A. Graber
  • Selig, Americans All: The Cultural Gifts Movement, by Rob Kroes
  • Sharlet, The Family: The Secret Fundamentalism at the Heart of American Power, by Jason C. Bivins
  • Sherwood, Black Sailor, White Navy: Racial Unrest in the Fleet during the Vietnam War Era, by Lori Lyn Bogle
  • Sloan, fdr and Reagan: Transformative Presidents with Clashing Visions, by Mary E. Stuckey
  • Spangler, Virginians Reborn: Anglican Monopoly, Evangelical Dissent, and the Rise of the Baptists in the Late Eighteenth Century, by Frederick A. Bode
  • Stewart, ed., William Lloyd Garrison at Two Hundred: History, Legacy, and Memory, by William E. Cain
  • Strain, Burning Faith: Church Arson in the American South, by Mark Newman
  • Streible, Fight Pictures: A History of Boxing and Early Cinema, by Stephen Vaughn
  • Stuart, Dispersed Relations: Americans and Canadians in Upper North America, by Douglas Ross
  • Stuart, The Muse of the Revolution: The Secret Pen of Mercy Otis Warren and the Founding of a Nation, by Angelo Angelis
  • Tamarkin, Anglophilia: Deference, Devotion, and Antebellum America, by Peter W. Williams
  • Taylor, A President, a Church, and Trails West: Competing Histories in Independence, Missouri, by Timothy R. Mahoney
  • Theoharis, The Quest for Absolute Security: The Failed Relations among U.S. Intelligence Agencies, by Betty A. Dessants
  • Topping, Lincoln’s Lost Legacy: The Republican Party and the African American Vote, 1928–1952, by Jennifer E. Brooks
  • Trauschweizer, The Cold War U.S. Army: Building Deterrence for Limited War, by Edgar F. Raines Jr.
  • Tucker, The Great Starvation Experiment: Ancel Keys and the Men Who Starved for Science, by Jon M. Harkness
  • Turner, Bill Bright and Campus Crusade for Christ: The Renewal of Evangelicalism in Postwar America, by Charles A. Israel
  • Van Cleve, ed., The Deaf History Reader, by Elisabeth Gitter
  • Van Zandt, Brothers among Nations: The Pursuit of Intercultural Alliances in Early America, 1580–1660, by Thomas S. Abler
  • Voogd, Race Riots and Resistance: The Red Summer of 1919, by Marilynn S. Johnson
  • Voss, The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis: Race and Sexuality in Colonial San Francisco, by Diane Miller Sommerville
  • Wall, Inventing the “American Way”: The Politics of Consensus from the New Deal to the Civil Rights Movement, by Keith W. Olson
  • Wallach, “Closer to the Truth Than Any Fact”: Memoir, Memory, and Jim Crow, by W. Fitzhugh Brundage
  • Wang, In Sputnik’s Shadow: The President’s Science Advisory Committee and Cold War America, by Kim McQuaid
  • Waterman, Republic of Intellect: The Friendly Club of New York City and the Making of American Literature, by Robert D. Habich
  • Watts, ed., White Masculinity in the Recent South, by Carol Mason
  • West, From Yeoman to Redneck in the South Carolina Upcountry, 1850–1915, by Ted Ownby
  • Wheeler, To Live upon Hope: Mohicans and Missionaries in the Eighteenth-Century Northeast, by Mark A. Nicholas
  • Willig, Restoring the Chain of Friendship: British Policy and the Indians of the Great Lakes, 1783–1815, by John P. Bowes
  • Young, Rituals of Resistance: African Atlantic Religion in Kongo and the Lowcountry South in the Era of Slavery, by Loren Schweninger
  • Zacher, The Scripps Newspapers Go to War, 1914–18, by Duane C. S. Stoltzfus

Movie Reviews

	In the hbo film Taking Chance Marine Corps Lt. Col. Michael Strobl, portrayed by Kevin
	Bacon, salutes the coffin of Pfc. Chance Phelps who was killed in Iraq on Good Friday 2004.
	Based on Strobl’s personal account, the film provides insight into the experiences of military
	escorts who accompany the remains of fallen soldiers and bear witness to the reverence and
	respect given to these individuals.
Courtesy James Bridges/hbo

Web Site Reviews

Web site reviews are available without a subscription.

Letters to the Editor


Recent Scholarship

View “Recent Scholarship” listing online >

Recent Scholarship is available as a searchable database, Recent Scholarship Online >

cover image

On the cover:

In 1904 members of the New York Stock Exchange (nyse) commissioned the book The Stock Exchange in Caricature, a limited edition for private distribution. This caricature of Charles E. Knoblauch, former Rough Rider and nyse member, appears there. It associates financial dealings with masculine bravado, rather than technical expertise. Reprinted from The Stock Exchange in Caricature, vol. II (New York, 1904). See Julia C. Ott, “The Free and Open People’s Market:” Political Ideology and Retail Brokerage at the New York Stock Exchange, 1913–1933 (pp. 44).

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